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Anolis aquaticus TAYLOR, 1956

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Water Anole 
SynonymAnolis aquaticus TAYLOR 1956: 141
Anolis aquaticus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 48
Norops aquaticus — GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Norops aquaticus — KÖHLER 2000: 59
Norops aquaticus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis aquaticus — KÖHLER et al. 2007
Norops aquaticus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops aquaticus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama

Type locality: Palmar, Provincia Puntarenas, Costa Rica.  
TypesHolotype: KU (= KUMNH) 34276 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Habitat: semi-aquatic (Baeckens et al. 2021) 
  • Arias, Erick; Federico Bolaños 2014. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of San Isidro de Dota, Reserva Forestal Los Santos, Costa Rica. Check List 10 (4): 870-877 - get paper here
  • Baeckens, S.; M. Temmerman, S. Gorb, C. Neto, M. Whiting & R. Van Damme 2021. Convergent evolution of skin surface microarchitecture and increased skin hydrophobicity in semi-aquatic anole lizards. Journal of Experimental Biology 224(19): jeb242939 ( - get paper here
  • Boccia, Christopher K, Lindsey Swierk, Fernando P Ayala-Varela, James Boccia, Isabela L Borges, Camilo Andres Estupiñán, Alexandra M Martin, et al. 2021. Repeated Evolution of Underwater Rebreathing in Diving Anolis Lizards. Current Biology 31 (13): 2947-2954.e4 - get paper here
  • Fondren A, Swierk L, Putman BJ. 2019. Clothing color mediates lizard responses to humans in a tropical forest. Biotropica 00:1–10
  • Frank, Hannah K. and Jonathan R. Flanders. 2016. Anolis aquaticus (Norops aquaticus) (Water Anole) Sleep Site Fidelity. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 131-132 - get paper here
  • Guyer, C., & J. M. SAVAGE 1986. Cladistic relationships among anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae). Systematic Zoology 35: 509-531 [1987] - get paper here
  • Herrmann, Nicholas C. 2017. Substrate Availability and Selectivity Contribute To Microhabitat Specialization In Two Central American Semiaquatic Anoles. Breviora 555 (1): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Marcos Ponce, Javier Sunyer, and Abel Batista 2007. FOUR NEW SPECIES OF ANOLES (GENUS ANOLIS) FROM THE SERRANÍA DE TABASARÁ, WEST-CENTRAL PANAMA (SQUAMATA: POLYCHROTIDAE). Herpetologica 63 (3): 375-391 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Mudde, P, & VAN DIJK, M. 1985. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Costa Rica. (12). Anolissen (Anolinae). Lacerta 43: 122-29. - get paper here
  • Nicholson KE, C. Guyer, and JG Phillips 2017. Biogeographic Origin of Mainland Norops (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (eds. Crother and Parenti), pp. 169–184
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Jesus Pacheco, Fernando Mendoza-Quijano, Federico Bolaños,<br />Gerardo Cháves , Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich & Gerardo Ceballos 2008. Diversity, natural history and conservation of amphibians and reptiles from the San Vito Region, southwestern Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 755-778 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Swierk, L; 2019. Anolis aquaticus (=Norops aquaticus) (Water Anole) Underwater breathing. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 134-135 - get paper here
  • Swierk, L; Carriere, A; Delfin, M; Fondren, A; Lopera, D & Putnam, B J; 2019. Anolis aquaticus (= Norops aquaticus) (Water Anole) Egg size and oviposition sites. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 360-362 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • WUTHRICH, KELLY LIN & LINDSEY SWIERK. 2021. ANOLIS AQUATICUS (Water Anole). DEWLAP COLORATION. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 401–402. - get paper here
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