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Anolis argenteolus COPE, 1861

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Cuban Trunk Anole, Guantanamo Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Gastrotropis) argenteolus COPE 1861 : 213
Anolis argenteolus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 218
Anolis argenteolus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 266
Anolis argenteolus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis argenteolus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis argenteolus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Cuba

Type locality: Monte Verde, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost, was USNM, lost fide Schwartz & Henderson 1988 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 54 mm, in females to 44 mm);
habitus thin and long-limbed; 5-7 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0; oscales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 2 postrostrals; 2 post-mentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; head scales smooth or feebly keeled; dorsals minute, flat, almost granular; ventrals larger than dorsals, squarish or round, nonimbricate, in transverse and diagonal rows; 2 transparent palpebral scales ("window") in lower eyelid; supradigital scales smooth; tail long, almost round, scales keeled, verticils feebly indicated, about 7 scales/verticil. Dorsum brown, reticulated with yellow and/or gray; a white subocular crescent; throat (females) with brown longitudinal lines; dewlap gray or brown basally, remainder white (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 218). 
CommentIllustrations: Stejneger, 1917; Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Peters, 1970.

Synonymy: Listed as synonym of A. lucius by BOULENGER 1885.

Species group: Anolis lucius species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyThe species name, argentum, is the nominative Latin word for silver, referencing the silver coloration of some specimens of this species. 
References
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of anoles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 208-215. - get paper here
  • Lambrechts, Denny 2005. Anolis argenteolus: Een Cubaanse ‘rots’ anolis in het terrarium. Lacerta 63 (4): 153-165 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1970. Zur Taxionomie und Zoogeographie der kubanischen anolinen Eidechsen (Reptilia, Iguanide). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 46: 197-234. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová, Martina Pokorná and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2014. CONSERVED SEX CHROMOSOMES ACROSS ADAPTIVELY RADIATED ANOLIS LIZARDS. Evolution, DOI: 10.1111/evo.12357 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Ogren, L.H. 1956. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from Cuba, with the descriptionof two new forms. Herpetologica 12 (2): 91-110 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1917. Cuban amphibians and reptiles collected for the United States National Museum from 1899 to 1902. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 53: 259-291 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
 
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