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Anolis bahorucoensis NOBLE & HASSLER, 1933

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis bahorucoensis bahorucoensis NOBLE & HASSLER 1933
Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi SCHWARTZ 1978 
Common NamesE: Baoruco Long-snouted Anole, Bahoruco Long-snouted Anole 
SynonymAnolis bahorucoensis NOBLE & HASSLER 1933: 11
Anolis bahorucoensis — COCHRAN 1941
Anolis bahorucoensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 221
Anolis bahorucoensis — DOST 2005
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis bahorucoensis bahorucoensis NOBLE and HASSLER 1933
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis bahorucoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis bahorucoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi SCHWARTZ 1978
Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi SCHWARTZ 1978: 357
Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis southerlandi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis southerlandi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (SE Haiti, SW Dominican Republic), 150 ft. to 4450 ft.

bahorucoensis: uplands and north, east, and southeast slopes of the Sierra de Bahoruco, República Dominicana. Type locality: Valle de Polo, Barahona Province, República Dominicana.

southerlandi: extreme southeast Haiti, east to Pedernales-Los Arroyos border road.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 51128.
Holotype: CM (Carnegie Museum of Naural History) 60514 [southerlandi] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 51 mm, in females to 44 mm); habitus
attenuate; 4-8 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-2 (mode 1); 2-5 (mode 3) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 9-16 scales around interparietal; 2-4 (mode 2) postrostrals; 4-8 postmentals; a band of 2-4 enlarged, keeled middorsal scales; flank scales only one-half to one-third as large as enlarged middorsals; ventral scales smooth, imbricate, 2 to 3 times as long and 3 to 4 times as broad as median dorsals; upper surface of forelimbs with imbricate, keeled scales; crus with small, keeled scales; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail very slender, about 2.5 x SVL, verticillate with about 6 vertical scale rows/verticil. Dorsal pattern in males (by subspecies) composed of: (1) 4-5 bright blue-green diamonds alternating with purplish brown constricting dumbbells; diamonds connected to white-to-cream flank stripe, which is incomplete and lost posteriorly in substripe (coarse brown and white) stippling and is not outlined with dark pigment above or below; short, often dark-edged, lateral bars; nuchal scrolling blue-green, green, or gray; or (2) dorsal diamonds dull, grayish tan alternating with rich brown dumbbells; flank stripe tan to cream, complete or virtually so, outlined above and below by dark pigment; dorsal diamonds abut against flank stripe, not connected to it by short, dark-edged" lateral bars; nuchal scrolling pale green to gray; substripe dotting fine rather than coarse; head dark green to tan, eye-skin pale orange anteriorly; eye followed by black patch, in tum followed by a pale or bright blue or tan (by subspecies) vertical crescent; interparietal pale blue to white; neck blue-green, greenish, or gray; venter green; throat yellow, cream, bright orange, yellow, pale blue, green, white, tan, at times streaked or dotted longitudinally with very dark green to black; tail banded, pale green or pale yellow and dark brown to black; venter tan; females with dark brown middorsal stripe, dark brown sides, at times with orange to rusty lateral scallops or their indications; venter yellow-green to pale green (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 221). 
CommentIllustrations: Cochran, 1941; Williams, 1963 a; Henderson and Schwartz, 1984 a; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985; Fitch and Henderson, 1987, Reptilia [Münster] 9 (1): 78.

Species group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Fitch, H.S., and Henderson, R.W. 1987. Ecological and ethological parameters in Anolis bahorucoensis, a species having rudimentary developmentof the dewlap. Amphibia-Reptilia 8:69-80. - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, Axel 1990. Anolis bahorucoensis bahorucoensis (Noble & Hassler, 1933) - ein bemerkenswerter Saumfinger aus der Dominikanischen Republik. Herpetofauna 12 (64): 6-10 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K. and W. G. Hassler 1933. Two new species of frogs, five new species and a new race of lizards from the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 652: 1-17. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • SIFERS,SUSAN M.; MELISSA L. YESKA; YANERYS M. RAMOS ROBERT POWELL AND JOHN S. PARMERLEE, JR. 2001. Anolis Lizards Restricted to Altered Edge Habitats in a Hispaniolan Cloud Forest. Carib. J. Sci. 37 (1-2): 55-62
  • Sowell S P. Parmerlee J S Jr. Powell R. 1995. Anolis bahorucoensis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (608): 1-3. - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P. and Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruikaanwijzing voor één van de meest interssante groepen terrarumdieren: Anolissen Deel I. Lacerta 61 (2): 53-64 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P.A. & Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruiksaanwijzing voor een van de meest interessante groepen terrariumdiern:Anolissen. Deel III. Lacerta 61 (5): 163-176 - get paper here
  • Williams,E.E. 1963. Notes on hispaniolan herpetology. 8. The forms related to Anolis hendersoni Cochran. Breviora (186): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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