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Anolis baracoae SCHWARTZ, 1964

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Baracoa Giant Anole, Baracoa Anole 
SynonymAnolis equestris baracoae SCHWARTZ 1964: 419
Anolis baracoae — SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972: 66
Anolis baracoae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 225
Anolis baracoae — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 202
Anolis baracoae — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx baracoae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx baracoae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionE Cuba

Type locality: Baracoa, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 57404. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 172 mm, in females to 155 mm); dorsals subcircular, separated by numerous tiny scales; dorsal crest scales elongate; ventrals small, about 30 between rows of enlarged laterals, gradually increasing in size from midventer laterally; upper surface of limbs with pavement-like scales about two-thirds size of lateral scales; scales along free margin of dewlap one-half size of midventrals; high number of vertical dorsals (22-29); relatively small size. Axillary stripe composed of orange flecks within black field; upper jaw banded yellow-and-green; 2 yellow postnuchal spots, 1 at each auricular opening and another postorbitally (in dark phase); tail without broad transverse bands; dewlap present in both sexes, variable, from blue-green to whitish blue, or green spots on brownish ground, or pink; in green phase, dorsum emerald-green with many usually fine white dots over entire body, each dot on 1-2 adjacent scales; some individuals more heavily spotted; in intermediate darker green phase, white dots become orange, and in brown phase, dots dark red; casque and head without marbling or discrete flecking; upper labials vertically barred yellow and dark green, each supralabial with dark green center; tail and limbs finely crossbarred with rows of pale green to yellowish green scales; venter yellow-green; dewlap variation may be sexual (nonpink in females, pink or pink and green in males); juvenile with dorsum flecked or dotted with paler color, arranged in many vague series of transverse rows across sides and back (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 225). 
CommentIllustrations: Schwartz, 1964; Schwartz and Garrido, 1972, Reisinger 200.

Species group: Deiroptyx equestris species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Holanova, V. & Hribal, J. 2005. Anolis baracoae - The Baracoa Anole. Reptilia (GB) (40): 52-56 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 2003. Zur Haltung und Zucht von Anolis baracoae SCHWARTZ 1964. Iguana Rundschreiben 16 (1): 23-27
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová, Martina Pokorná and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2014. CONSERVED SEX CHROMOSOMES ACROSS ADAPTIVELY RADIATED ANOLIS LIZARDS. Evolution, DOI: 10.1111/evo.12357 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1964. Anolis equestris in Oriente Province, Cuba. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 131: 405-428. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Garrido, O.H. 1972. The lizards of the Anolis equestris complex in Cuba. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 39 (134):1-86. - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P.A. & Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruiksaanwijzing voor een van de meest interessante groepen terrariumdiern:Anolissen. Deel III. Lacerta 61 (5): 163-176 - get paper here
  • Vanhooydonck, B.; K. Huyghe, V. Holáňová, S. van Dongen and A. Herrel 2015. Differential growth of naturally and sexually selected traits in an Anolis lizard. Journal of Zoology 296 (4): 231–238, DOI: 10.1111/jzo.12236 - get paper here
  • WERNING, Heiko 2012. Im Bad mit Anolis – ein Besuch bei Uwe Bartelt. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 88-92 - get paper here
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