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Anolis bartschi (COCHRAN, 1928)

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Pinar Del Rio Cliff Anole, western cliff anole, West Cuban Anole 
SynonymDeiroptyx bartschi COCHRAN 1928:169
Anolis bartschi — ETHERIDGE 1960: 93 (fide RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999)
Anolis bartschi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 227
Anolis bartschi — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 277
Anolis bartschi — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx bartschi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx bartschi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba (Pinar del Rio)

Type locality: Baflos San Vicente, Pinar del Rio Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 75805. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 76 mm, in females to 62 mm); 6-7
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1; 3-4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5-7 postrostrals; 5 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; dorsals smooth, almost granular, slightly larger than laterals, 2 middorsal rows largest; ventrals smooth, in transverse and diagonal rows, very slightly imbricate; supradigital scales smooth; tail round in cross section; auricular opening very large; dewlap absent, but with a transverse gular fold; tail very long, round, verticils feebly indicated with about 11 scales/verticil. Dorsum and sides pale green to violet, olivaceous on sides and tail; sides with heavy, waxy, sulfur-yellow vertical bars edged with darker margin, almost fading at middorsum, continuing on upper surface of tail as pea-green crossbands; lips pale, sutures in both labial series sulfur-yellow; a circumauricular opening ring of dirty yellow; a vivid, bright blue, squarish, postorbital blotch, this color also extending onto lower eyelids and area before shoulder; limbs olivaceous, forearm faintly banded yellow; venter straw-yellow, deeper yellow on gular fold (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 227). 
CommentIllustrations: Ruibal, 1964; Peters, 1970, Flaschendräger 2002.

Species group: Deiroptyx vermiculata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Karyotype: 2n=36, XY (males) or XX (females) (Giovannotti et al. 2016) 
EtymologyNamed after Paul Bartsch (1871-1960) who was born in Silesia (then part of Germany, now Poland). His family moved to the USA, where he worked at the Smithsonian (1896-1942). He made expeditions to the Philippines (1907-1910) and was known as a world authority on molluscs. 
  • Anzai, Wataru; Antonio Cádiz, and Hideki Endo 2015. Sexual Dimorphisms of Appendicular Musculoskeletal Morphology Related to Social Displayin Cuban Anolis Lizards. Zoological Science 32 (5): 438-446 - get paper here
  • BAEDERMANN, L. 1989. Vergleichbare Beobachtungen bei Haltung und Zucht kubanischer Höhlenanolis. Sauria 11 (4): 13-17 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1928. A second species of Deiroptyx from Cuba. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41:169-170. - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, A. 2002. Beobachtungen an Anolis-Arten in der Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Provinz Pinar del Río, West-Kuba. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, Axel 1988. Anolis bartschi (COCHRAN 1928) - Bemerkungen zur Haltung, Verhalten und Nachzucht. Herpetofauna 10 (55): 26-29 - get paper here
  • Fläschendräger, Axel 2017. Beobachtungen an einigen Anolis-Arten im westlichen Kuba. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (5): 52-63 - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2005. Exkursionen im Westen Kubas. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 42-49 - get paper here
  • Giovannotti, M.; & V. A. Trifonov, & A. Paoletti & I. G. Kichigin & P. C. M. O’Brien & F. Kasai & G. Giovagnoli & B. L. Ng & P. Ruggeri & P. Nisi Cerioni & A. Splendiani & J. C. Pereira, & E. Olmo & W. Rens & V. Caputo Barucchi, & M. A. Ferguson-Smit 2016. New insights into sex chromosome evolution in anole lizards (Reptilia, Dactyloidae). Chromosoma 126 (2): 245–260 | Cite as DOI 10.1007/s00412-016-0585-6 - get paper here
  • Heselhaus, Ralf & Schmidt, Matthias 1995. Caribbean Anoles. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 65 pp.
  • Holanova, V. & Hribal, J. 2004. Two Cuban Anoles - Anolis bartschi and Anolis lucius. Reptilia (GB) (34): 58-64 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Patton, Austin H.; Luke J. Harmon, María del Rosario Castañeda, Hannah K. Frank, Colin M. Donihue, Anthony Herrel, and Jonathan B. Losos 2021. When adaptive radiations collide: Different evolutionary trajectories between and within island and mainland lizard clades. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 10.1073/pnas.2024451118 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1970. Zur Taxionomie und Zoogeographie der kubanischen anolinen Eidechsen (Reptilia, Iguanide). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 46: 197-234. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová, Martina Pokorná and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2014. CONSERVED SEX CHROMOSOMES ACROSS ADAPTIVELY RADIATED ANOLIS LIZARDS. Evolution, DOI: 10.1111/evo.12357 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Van Beest, P. and Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruikaanwijzing voor één van de meest interssante groepen terrarumdieren: Anolissen Deel I. Lacerta 61 (2): 53-64 - get paper here
  • WERNING, Heiko 2012. Im Bad mit Anolis – ein Besuch bei Uwe Bartelt. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 88-92 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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