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Anolis brooksi (BARBOUR, 1923)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymDiaphoranolis brooksi BARBOUR 1923
Anolis brooksi — POE & RYAN 2017
Dactyloa brooksi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionC Panama (Darién)

Type locality: Mt. Sapo, Darién, Panama, 2,500 feet elevation  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 16297, juvenile female, collected by Thomas Barbour and Winthrop Brooks, in April, 1922. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Anolis insignis, A. brooksi, and the two species described below are the only Central American Anolis to combine large size (> 120.0 mm SVL), smooth scales on the upper thigh, and short limbs (Savage and Talbot 1978). Ano- lis brooksi is diagnosed from the three other insignis- like anole species discussed here by its peach-tan male dewlap (Fig. 2; orange-red in A. insignis; white, pale pink with dark streaks, respectively by species, in the other two forms). It further differs from the Southwest- ern Costa Rican form in its lack of a postorbital blotch (present in the Southwestern Costa Rican form) and its female dewlap color pattern (white or brown with dark streaks; pale pink with dark streaks in the Southwestern Costa Rica form); from the Fortuna form in its prominent postcloacal scales in males (obscure in the Fortuna form) and its female dewlap color pattern (white or brown with dark streaks; patternless white in the Fortuna form); from A. insignis in some scale counts (Table 1; e.g., fewer postrostrals) and details of color pattern (Savage and Tal- bot 1978; e.g., presences of narrow black lines dorsally). 
CommentSynonymy: removed from the synonymy of A. insignis by POE & RYAN 2017. 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the type, and a friend and companion of Thomas Barbour, Winthrop Sprague Brooks. 
  • Barbour,T. 1923. Notes on reptiles and amphibians from Panamá. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (129): 1-16. - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe S and Ryan MJ. 2017. Description of two new species similar to Anolis insignis (Squamata: Iguanidae) and resurrection of Anolis (Diaphoranolis) brooksi. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(2) [General Section]: 1–16 (e141) - get paper here
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