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Anolis brunneus COPE, 1894

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Crooked-Acklins Green Anole, Crooked lsland Anole 
SynonymAnolis principalis brunneus COPE 1894: 432
Anolis brunneus — BARBOUR 1910
Anolis porcatus brunneus — ROSEN 1911: 32
Anolis brunneus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 232
Anolis brunneus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis brunneus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis brunneus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionBahamas, Crooked-Acklins Bank, West Plana Cay

Type locality: Crooked Island, Bahama Islands.  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 26118. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 76 mm, females to 70 mm); 3 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1; 1-2 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; supradigital scales multicarinate. Dorsum and sides brown, (in dark phase) 2 dark brown stripes, the upper wider, on each side, with extensions toward the middorsal line; a bold blue loreal line through eye onto neck, followed by rich blue supraaxillary spot; sides barred brown and gray; a bold white line on neck to above forelimb onto sides; dorsum (green phase) pale, powdery green with pale pinkish suffusions and faint whitish bars on flanks; a dark blue postocular patch; a black-centered supraaxillary patch with blue-green suffusion extending anteriorly to postocular patch; labial and shoulder stripe cream; dewlap pink, magenta (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 232). 
CommentIllustrations: Cope, 1895.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. 1910. A note regarding the green Anolis from the northern Bahamas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 23: 99-100 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1895. The Batrachia and Reptilia of the University of Pennsylvania West Indian expedition of 1890 and 1891. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 46 [1894]: 429-442 - get paper here
  • Glor, Richard E.; Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2005. Out of Cuba: Overwater Dispersal and Speciation among Lizards in the Anolis carolinensis Subgroup. Molecular Ecology 14: 2419-2432 - get paper here
  • Klaczko, J.; T. Ingram and J. Losos 2015. Genitals evolve faster than other traits in Anolis lizards. Journal of Zoology 295 (1): 44–48 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rosén, Nils 1911. Contributions to the Fauna of the Bahamas I. A general account of the fauna, with remarks on the physiography of the islands. II. The Reptiles III. The Fishes. Lunds univ. arsskrift 7 (5): 1-72
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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