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Anolis clivicola BARBOUR & SHREVE, 1935

IUCN Red List - Anolis clivicola - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Turquino Fern Anole, Mountain Anole 
SynonymAnolis clivicolus BARBOUR & SHREVE 1935: 251
Anolis alutaceus clivicolus — BARBOUR 1937: 124
Anolis alutaceus clivicolus — RUIBAL 1964: 505
Anolis clivicola — SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1971: 12
Anolis clivicola — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 237
Anolis clivicola — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 287
Anolis clivicola — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis clivicola — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis clivicola — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Cuba

Type locality: Loma Cardero, Pico Turquino, 4000 ft.-6000 ft., Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 39664. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 49 mm, in females to 45 mm); 6 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 2-3 (strongly modally 2); 1-5 (strongly modally 3) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 2~ (mode 4) postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; supra-digital scales multicarinate; dorsals enlarged middorsally, keeled, truncate, grading into small and more granular flank scales, the change gradual; flank scales small, about one-eighth size of middorsals; ventrals usually weakly keeled (to smooth). Dorsum (males) generally lichen-green, with small dots of various green hues (between lime and olive); upper eyelids lime-green, lower eyelids darker; a gray, very diffuse dorsal stripe with 6 ochraceous and dark gray spots; sides vermiculate green and chestnut, posterior flanks spotted with rusty; ventrals dark red, giving a brownish tint; red scales abundant on internal face of thigh but absent near vent, except that they form a prominent V; iris sky-blue; dewlap burnt-ocher; dorsum (females) generally olive-green, less bright than males, with gray and black diffuse spots; an inconspicuous grayish chestnut stripe, with yellow-ocher dots and vermiculations, and with black dots along border; venter whitish, with yellowish and reddish areas, the latter caused by intense red on some scales, especially on throat, chest, and anterointerior thighs; upper eyelids lime, lower olive; iris sky-blue (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 238). 
CommentFor illustrations see Ruibal, 1964.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. and B. Shreve. 1935. Notes on Cuban anoles. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 249-253.
  • Barbour,T. 1937. Third list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 82 (2): 77-166 - get paper here
  • Garrido O H 1980. Revision del complejo Anolis alutaceus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) y descripcion de una nueva especie de Cuba. POEYANA INSTITUTO DE ZOOLOGIA ACADEMIA DE CIENCIAS DE CUBA (No. 201) 1980: 1-41
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Garrido 1971. The status of Anolis alutaceus clivicolus Barbour and Shreve. Carib. J. Sci. 11 (1-2): 12
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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