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Anolis cobanensis STUART, 1942

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Stuart's Anole 
SynonymAnolis cobanensis STUART 1942: 6
Norops cobanensis — MCCRANIE et al 1993
Norops cobanensis — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops cobanensis — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops cobanensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops cobanensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionGuatemala (Alta Verapaz), elevation 1000–1830 m

Type locality: Three km south of Finca Samac, Alta Verapaz, 6 km [straight line] due west of Cobán), Guatemala, 1350 m.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 90232 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS. An anole very close to A. schiedii Wiegmann. It has small, keeled dorsal scutes, feebly keeled ventrals, carinate head scutes, and the males lack enlarged postanals. From schiedii it is readily distinguished by its small ventrals and its carinate, rather than rugose, head scales, and, possibly, by its keeled ventral scales. (Stuart 1942)

DESCRIPTION OF HOLOTYPE. Dorsal head scales roughly sub- equal, rugose posteriorly, carinate anteriorly. Supraorbital semicircles distinct, separated by three rows of scales medially. About a dozen enlarged, carinate scutes forming a supraorbital plate which is separated from supraciliaries and supraorbital semicircles by smaller, granular scales. Parietal no larger than surrounding scales, much smaller than the moderately large ear opening. Canthus sharp ; seven rows of loreal scales ; seven supralabials to below center of eye. Dorsal scales juxta- posed, sharply keeled, those of the middorsal region about twice the size of the granular laterals, numbering about seventy-five from the level of the axilla to the groin. Ventrals very feebly keeled, imbricate; about fifty-five between levels of axilla and groin. Tail covered with subequal, imbricate, sharply keeled scales. Tail vertically oval ; strongly compressed and slightly expanded at tip. No enlarged postanals in male. Dewlap large. (Stuart 1942)

Coloration: Dorsally, the ground color of the head and body is brown without marking except for slightly darker patches on the body. The legs are lighter brown above with no pattern. The dorsal ground color grades gradually into the brownish white of the ventrum. The chin and throat are white. The undersides of the legs are white, mottled with light brown. The dewlap is pinkish (brilliant purple in life). (Stuart 1942)

VARIATION. The paratypic series is essentially like the holo type. The majority of the specimens have the scales of the supraorbital plate in contact with the supraorbital semicircles, and frequently there are but two scales between the latter. In several females there is a narrow, distinct, dark, middorsal stripe. The females have larger ventral scutes than do the males. (Stuart 1942) 
CommentNot listed for Mexico by KÖHLER (2000). Color image on the cover of Iguana-Rundschreiben 16 (2) [2003].

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, Gunther and Eric N. Smith 2008. A New Species of Anole of the Norops schiedei group from Western Guatemala (Squamata: Polychrotidae). Herpetologica 64 (2): 216-223 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R. Cruz G A. Holm P A. 1993. A new species of cloud forest lizard of the Norops schiedei group (Sauria: Polychrotidae) from northern Honduras. Journal of Herpetology 27 (4): 386-392 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1942. Comments on several species of Anolis from Guatemala with descriptions of three new forms. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan 464: 1-10. - get paper here
  • Wilson L D; McCranie J R 1982. A new cloud forest Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the schiedei group from Honduras. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 85(3) 1982: 133-141 - get paper here
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