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Anolis concolor COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Isla San Andres Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Gastrotropis) concolor COPE 1862: 180
Anolis concolor — BOULENGER 1885: 74
Anolis concolor — VALDIVIESO & TAMSITT 1963
Anolis concolor — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 240
Norops concolor — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops concolor — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis concolor — MCNISH 2011
Norops concolor — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops concolor — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionWestern Caribbean: San Andres Island

Type locality: (see comment); restricted to Isla San Andrés, Colombia, by Corn and Dalby, 1973.  
TypesSyntypes: USNM 6055, MCZ 22341. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 80 mm, in females to 60 mm); 4-6
(mode 5) rows ofloreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-2 (mode 1); 1-3 (mode 2) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 7 postrostrals; 6 post-mentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; dorsals keeled, larger than lateral scales, the median 0-3 rows enlarged (subequal in size to ventrals); ventrals keeled; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail cylindrical or slightly compressed. Dorsum (males) uniform light to medium dark tan, with no barring or striping, tinged greenish posteriorly and on tail; venter cream to dull white, at times tinged with yellowish green, with pale to bright yellow under hindlimbs, area about vent, and proximal portion of tail; upper side of limbs pale brown, some with darker brown mottling; underside of limbs pale sandy to greenish; underside of tail like limbs; dewlap orange to orange-red, scales white; dorsum (females and juveniles) with median stripe or diamonds with dark brown edging; venter dirty gray; posterior one-half of venter, hindlimbs, and tail tinged yellowish; throat mottled pale brown; narrow cream bars, 1 across thigh, 1 across crus; iris brown below, yellow above (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 240). 
CommentFor illustrations see Corn and Dalby, 1973.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Distribution: The type locality given by COPE, “Nicaragua”, is evidently in error. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Calderón-Espinosa, M. L. and A. Barragán Forero 2012. Morphological Diversification in Solitary Endemic Anoles: Anolis concolor and Anolis pinchoti from San Andrés and Providence Islands, Colombia. South American J. Herp. 6 (3): 205-210 [2011] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Corn, M.J., and Dalby, P.L. 1973. Systematics of the anoles of San Andrés and Providencia Islands, Colombia. Journal of Herpetology 7 (2): 63-74. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • McNish, T. 2011. La fauna del archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Colombia, Sudamérica. Colomba Andina de Impresos, ISBN 978-958-99518-1-1
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.-H. 1982. Bemerkungen zur Herpetologie von San Andres (Karibik, Kolumbien) mit Freilandbeobachtungen an Anolis concolor COPE und Cnemidophorus lemniscatus lemniscatus (LINNE). Herpetofauna 4 (19): 16-19 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Valdivieso, D. & J.R. Tamsitt 1963. A Check List and Key to the Amphibian and Reptiles of Providencia and San Andres. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (2/3): 77-79 - get paper here
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