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Anolis cupeyalensis PETERS, 1970

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Stripe-bellied Grass Anole, Cupeyal Anole 
SynonymAnolis cyanopleurus cupeyalensis PETERS 1970: 225
Anolis cupeyalensis — GARRIDO 1975: 20
Anolis cupeyalensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 245
Anolis cupeyalensis — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 303
Anolis cupeyalensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis cupeyalensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis cupeyalensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Cuba

Type locality: Sierra de Maguey, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 42059 (was erroneously given as 41059 before). 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 33 mm, in females to 31 mm); habitus
attenuate, tail long; totalloreals 32-37; scales between supraorbitals 1-2 (strongly modally 1); 2-4 (strongly modally 3) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 10-11 rows of dorsals enlarged, pointed, multicarinate; ventrals pointed. Dorsum (males) with middorsal band (covering about 6 rows of scales) clear chestnut; head olive-green with yellowish wash; on each side of middorsal line a broad band of chestnut from forelimbs to base of tail; a grayish white band from forelimb insertion to hindlimbs; a white labial stripe from eye to auricular opening; venter whitish, dotted with darker color; hindlimbs with about 3 mahogany bands on thigh and crus; posterior face of thighs chestnut; at times with a clear chestnut line from vent to posterior edge of dewlap; dewlap pale yellow centrally and basally, white toward throat; dorsum (females) grayish chestnut; head greenish olive, with postoculars and limbs darker chestnut; a wide band on each side from behind orbits to hindlimbs, olive-chestnut anteriorly, darker posteriorly; parallel to these lateral bands (on edges of middorsal band) another pair of grayish chestnut lines from neck; a whitish midlateral line with a tint of clear green; a white labial stripe with greenish tint from eye to hindlimbs; venter with a dark median line from vent to chest, where it divides into 2 on throat; iris greenish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 245). 
CommentFor illustrations see Peters, 1970.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Garrido, O. H. 1975. Distribución y variación del complejo Anolis cyanopleurus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) en Cuba. Poeyana 143:1-58.
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1970. Zur Taxionomie und Zoogeographie der kubanischen anolinen Eidechsen (Reptilia, Iguanide). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 46: 197-234. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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