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Anolis cuscoensis POE, YAÑEZ-MIRANDA & LEHR, 2008

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis cuscoensis POE, YAÑEZ-MIRANDA & LEHR 2008
Dactyloa cuscoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa cuscoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 

Type locality: Cusco, 72 km north of Paucartambo on Paucartambo-Itahuania road, Peru, 13°03’30’’ S 71°33’54’’, 1624 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MZUNAP 02.000191 (Museo de la Universidad de Amazonía Peruana) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A distinctive female dorsal pattern of middorsal white chevrons separating dark blotches with white lateral spots distinguishes A. cuscoensis from all species of Peruvian, Brazilian, and Bolivian Anolis except A. boettgeri (this pattern probably distinguishes these species from all Anolis, but we are unable to confirm this). Anolis cuscoensis differs from A. boettgeri in possessing fewer postrostrals (mean = 8.1, range = 7–9; mean 5 9.3, range = 8–11 in A. boettgeri; P = 0.0095), shorter hind limbs (mean FL/SVL = 0.25, range = 0.23–0.26; mean = 0.28, range = 0.26–0.29 in A. boettgeri; P = 0.004), smoother headscales (almost all head scales smooth; A. boettgeri displays several multicarinate scales anteriorly and almost all head scales keeled), different male dewlap color (white with blue scales; yellowish with white scales in A. boettgeri), and in the structure of the occipital scales. Anolis boettgeri has a narrow, elongate interparietal in contact with the supraorbital semicircles or separated by one scale (12 specimens) or with paired large scales anterior to the elongate interparietal (one specimen); A. cuscoensis displays two to four small scales separating the supraorbital semicircles from a more rounded (i.e., not elongate) interparietal (mean width of interparietal divided by length in A. cuscoensis = 0.62; A. boettgeri: 0.43; P = 0.003).
CommentSpecies groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyThe specific name cuscoensis refers to the type locality of the new species which is located in the Departamento de Cusco. 
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotropica 13 (4): 269-283
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven and Christian Yañez-Miranda 2008. Another New Species of Green Anolis (Squamata: Iguania) from the Eastern Andes of Peru. Journal of Herpetology 42 (3): 564 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven; Christian Yañez-Miranda, and Edgar Lehr 2008. Notes on Variation in Anolis boettgeri Boulenger 1911, Assessment of the Status of Anolis albimaculatus Henle and Ehrl 1991, and Description of a New Species of Anolis (Squamata: Iguania) Similar to Anolis boettgeri. Journal of Herpetology 42 (2): 251-259 - get paper here
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