Anolis cuscoensis POE, YAÑEZ-MIRANDA & LEHR, 2008
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis cuscoensis?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Anolis cuscoensis POE, YAÑEZ-MIRANDA & LEHR 2008|
Dactyloa cuscoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa cuscoensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Type locality: Cusco, 72 km north of Paucartambo on Paucartambo-Itahuania road, Peru, 13°03’30’’ S 71°33’54’’, 1624 m elevation.
|Types||Holotype: MZUNAP 02.000191 (Museo de la Universidad de Amazonía Peruana)|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A distinctive female dorsal pattern of middorsal white chevrons separating dark blotches with white lateral spots distinguishes A. cuscoensis from all species of Peruvian, Brazilian, and Bolivian Anolis except A. boettgeri (this pattern probably distinguishes these species from all Anolis, but we are unable to confirm this). Anolis cuscoensis differs from A. boettgeri in possessing fewer postrostrals (mean = 8.1, range = 7–9; mean 5 9.3, range = 8–11 in A. boettgeri; P = 0.0095), shorter hind limbs (mean FL/SVL = 0.25, range = 0.23–0.26; mean = 0.28, range = 0.26–0.29 in A. boettgeri; P = 0.004), smoother headscales (almost all head scales smooth; A. boettgeri displays several multicarinate scales anteriorly and almost all head scales keeled), different male dewlap color (white with blue scales; yellowish with white scales in A. boettgeri), and in the structure of the occipital scales. Anolis boettgeri has a narrow, elongate interparietal in contact with the supraorbital semicircles or separated by one scale (12 specimens) or with paired large scales anterior to the elongate interparietal (one specimen); A. cuscoensis displays two to four small scales separating the supraorbital semicircles from a more rounded (i.e., not elongate) interparietal (mean width of interparietal divided by length in A. cuscoensis = 0.62; A. boettgeri: 0.43; P = 0.003).|
|Comment||Species groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).|
|Etymology||The specific name cuscoensis refers to the type locality of the new species which is located in the Departamento de Cusco.|