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Anolis darlingtoni (COCHRAN, 1935)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: La Hotte Twig Anole, Darlington's Anole 
SynonymXiphocercus darlingtoni COCHRAN 1935: 373
Xiphocercus darlingtoni — COCHRAN 1941
Anolis darlingtoni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 250
Anolis darlingtoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx darlingtoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx darlingtoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti: north slopes of the Massif de la Hotte)

Type locality: Roche Croix, Massif de la Hotte, about 5000 ft., Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 38251. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL 72 mm in male); 2-3 rows ofloreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1; 0-1 scale between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; interparietal ovoid, much larger than auricular opening; suboculars in contact with supralabials; 5-6 postrostrals; 2-3 postmentals; nape scales somewhat smaller than middorsals; ventrals about equal to dorsals in size, smooth, subimbricate, in transverse rows; scales of limbs weakly carinate; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail round; dewlap large, not inset, scales evenly distributed. Dorsum (as preserved) gray, somewhat lighter on tail; a large, square, clove-brown patch over entire temporal region, bordered above by crescentic lilac-gray mark and divided by a pale vertical line; occipital region between these crescents sepia, lightening to wood-brown on snout; supraocular region olive-gray; 4 wide, brown chevrons across dorsum, breaking up laterally into irregular, diagonal, wavy, brown lines; tail with 3 dark proximal rings, incomplete ventrally; venter pearl-gray with a few scattered lilac-gray spots; in life, iris coppery brown with gold pupillary ring; dewlap blackish slate (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 250). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941; Williams and Rand, 1969.

Species group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Philip Jackson Darlington Jr. (1904-1983), an evolutionary biologist, zoogeographer, and beetle taxonomist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1935. New reptiles and amphibians collected in Haiti by P. J. Darlington. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40: 367-375.
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1974. A new species of primitive Anolis (Sauria, Iguanidae) from the Sierra de Baoruco, Hispaniola. Breviora (423): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas R. & HEDGES S B. 1991. Rediscovery and description of the Hispaniolan lizard Anolis darlingtoni (Sauria, Iguanidae). Carib. J. Sci. 27 (1-2): 90- 93. - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P. and Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruikaanwijzing voor één van de meest interssante groepen terrarumdieren: Anolissen Deel I. Lacerta 61 (2): 53-64 - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. and A. S. Rand. 1969. Anolis insolitus, a new dwarf anole of zoogeographic importance from the mountains of the Dominican Republic. Breviora (326): 1-21 - get paper here
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