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Anolis desechensis HEATWOLE, 1976

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Desecheo Anole, Heatwole's Anole 
SynonymAnolis desechensis HEATWOLE 1976: 13
Anolis desechensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 251
Anolis desechensis — BRANDLEY & DE QUEIROZ 2004
Ctenonotus desechensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus desechensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionPuerto Rico Bank: Isla Desecheo

Type locality: Isla Desecheo.  
TypesHolotype: KU 159396. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 57 mm, in females to 45 mm); 5--6 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0; 4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 6 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; tail crest high, as high as diameter of tail and extending about 1/2 tail length; dorsals smooth to unicarinate; ventrals smooth; supradigital scales multi-carinate. Dorsum uniformly deep brownish gray, becoming lighter on venter; dewlap uniformly yellow-orange (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 251). 
CommentFor illustrations see Heatwole, 1976.
Ecomorph class: trunk-ground.

Species group: Ctenonotus cristatellus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Brandley, M.C. & De Queiroz, K. 2004. Phylogeny, ecomorphological evolution, and historical biogeography of the Anolis cristatellus series. Herpetological Monographs 18: 90-126 - get paper here
  • Brandley, Matthew C.; Wynn, Addison; de Queiroz, Kevin. 2006. Karyotype and relationships of Anolis desechensis. Journal of Herpetology 40 (1):136-139. - get paper here
  • Heatwole, H. 1976. Herpetogeography of Puerto Rico. VII. Geographic variation in the Anolis cristatellus complex in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas 46: 1-17. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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