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Anolis dolichocephalus WILLIAMS, 1963

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis dolichocephalus dolichocephalus WILLIAMS 1963
Anolis dolichocephalus portusalus SCHWARTZ 1978
Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola SCHWARTZ 1978 
Common NamesE: La Hotte Long-snouted Anole, Place Negre Anole 
SynonymAnolis hendersoni dolichocephalus WILLIAMS 1963: 8
Anolis dolichocephalus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 255
Anolis dolichocephalus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx dolichocephala — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx dolichocephala — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis dolichocephalus dolichocephalus WILLIAMS 1963
Deiroptyx dolichocephala dolichocephala — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx dolichocephala dolichocephala — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis dolichocephalus portusalus SCHWARTZ, 1978
Deiroptyx dolichocephala portusala — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx dolichocephala portusala — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola SCHWARTZ, 1978
Deiroptyx dolichocephala sarmenticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx dolichocephala sarmenticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti: Tiburon)

dolichocephalus: tip of Tiburon Peninsula, on Monts Cartaches and northern slopes of Massif de la Hotte, as well as adjacent northern and western areas; Type locality: Place Nègre, near Jérémie, Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.

portusalus: Presqu'île de Port-Salut.

sarmenticola: southern lower slopes of Massif de la Hotte.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 64510 (dolichocephalus)
Holotype: MCZ 132377 [portusalus]
Holotype: MCZ 132376 [sarmenticola] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 52 mm, in females to 43 mm); habitus
attenuate, snout very elongate; sexually dimorphic and strongly dichromatic; 5-9 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-2 (strongly modally 1); 2-5 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 2-5 postrostrals; 4-8 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; dorsal scales small, about 4 middorsal rows slightly enlarged and distinctly keeled, grading into granular flank scales; ventrals smooth, polygonal, subimbricate; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail not compressed, verticils obscure. Dorsum gray to rich brown to pale greenish tan, pale tan-gray, tan; head grayish brown, gray, or brown, with orange nuchal scrolling, at times reduced or absent; flank stripe (stopping at about midbody) yellow to bright orange-red, pale blue to white, outlined above (and below at times) by dark stripes and with or without substripe stippling or vermiculations; white subocular semicircle present or absent; eye-ring at times orange to buffy; supraorbital area, and lower eyelid and postocular area blue in some populations; post-scrolling chevron or bar present or absent; 0-10 middorsal dark dots or flecks; venter pale yellowish to pale gray; throat at times pale gray, yellowish, to white; dewlap absent; females with a yellow-tan middorsal band with undulating edges, including a fine, pale, middorsal hairline, and with brown suffusions on sides; sides dark brown with an incomplete, light flank stripe; supralabials cream; venter and chin pale yellow to greenish yellow (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 255). 
CommentFor illustrations see Williams, 1963; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Species group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1978. The Hispaniolan Anolis (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) of the hendersoni complex. Journal of Herpetology 12 (3): 355-70. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Sherratt, Emma; María del Rosario Castañeda, Russell J. Garwood, D. Luke Mahler, Thomas J. Sanger, Anthony Herrel, Kevin de Queiroz, and Jonathan B. Losos 2015. Amber fossils demonstrate deep-time stability of Caribbean lizard communities. PNAS 112 (32), doi: 10.1073/pnas.1506516112 - get paper here
  • Williams,E.E. 1963. Notes on hispaniolan herpetology. 8. The forms related to Anolis hendersoni Cochran. Breviora (186): 1-13 - get paper here
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