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Anolis etheridgei WILLIAMS, 1962

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Montane bush anole, Etheridge's Anole 
SynonymAnolis darlingtoni COCHRAN 1939
Anolis etheridgei WILLIAMS 1962:1 (substitute name for A. darlingtoni)
Anolis etheridgei — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1967: 8
Anolis etheridgei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 259
Anolis etheridgei — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Chamaelinorops darlingtoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx etheridgei — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Dominican Republic: Cordillera Central; North slope of Loma Nalga de Maco, 4191 ft., Elias Piña Prov.)

Type locality: Loma Vieja, Cordillera Central, south of Constanza, La Vega Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 44360. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL to 43 mm in males and females); 5-10 (mode 6) rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-4; 3-6 (mode 4) scales beween interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; scales in frontal depression numerous, polygonal, keeled; lower eyelid without "window"; subocular scales separated from supralabial scales by 1 row of scales; 5 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; sub-oculars not in contact with supralabials; dorsal scales small, granular, heavily keeled, middorsals not greatly different from other dorsals; ventral scales rounded to squarish, subimbricate, smooth and in transverse rows, about twice as large as dorsals; dewlap from midgular region onto chest, dewlap scales keeled; anterior thigh scales keeled, imbricate; tail long; supradigital scales multicarinate. Dorsum (males) transversely crossbanded with 4 darker bands, either fairly prominent or obscure because of interband pigmentation, between neck and sacrum; neck brown to bronzy above, bright pea-green on sides and head, grading to duller green on sides; sides of head and neck at times pale powder-blue; dorsum some shade of tan to brown, always dull; venter tannish opalescent to opalescent; dorsum (females) with a bronzy dorsal longitudinal zone, bordered dorsolaterally by rich, dark brown longitudinal bands extending onto postorbital area; bronzy band expands on head to form U-shaped nuchal figure abutting on upper eyelids; at times a series of 4-5 middorsal diamonds superimposed on above pattern, the halves of these diamonds at times staggered; sides of neck white; venter like males except that it is occasionally light brown with pinkish tinge; both sexes with a cream subocular spot; dewlap small, white or white with grayish basal area; iris blue (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 259). 
CommentA. darlingtoni Cochran 1939 is preoccupied by Xiphocercus (= Anolis) darlingtoni COCHRAN 1935. However, as NICHOLSON et al. 2012 place the two species in different genera, the homonymy is resolved and, if this change were accepted, under the Code (Art. 59.4) the correct names become Deiroptyx darlingtoni (Cochran, 1935) and Chamaelinorops darlingtoni (Cochran, 1939). 
EtymologyNamed after Richard Emmett Etheridge (16 Sep 1929-14 Jan 2019), American herpetologist. See Espinoza & Queiroz for biographical details. 
  • Espinoza, Robert E. and Kevin de Queiroz 2008. Richard Emmett Etheridge. Copeia 2008, No. 3, 708–717 - get paper here
  • Mahler, D. Luke 2010. Natural history observations for two montane anole species from the Dominican Republic. Anolis Newsletter VI: 115 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. and A. Schwartz. 1967. The monticola group of the lizard genus Anolis in Hispaniola. Breviora (261):1-27. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. 1962. Notes on the herpetology of Hispaniola 7. New material of two poorly known anoles: Anolis monticola Shreve and Anolis christophei Williams. Breviora (164):1-11. - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. and T. P. Webster. 1974. Anolis rupinae new species, a syntopic sibling of A. monticola Shreve. Breviora (429): 1-22 - get paper here
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