Anolis frenatus COPE, 1899
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|Higher Taxa||Anolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Bridled Anole|
|Synonym||Anolis frenatus COPE 1899: 6|
Anolis frenatus — DUNN 1937: 9
Anolis purpurescens — TAYLOR 1956
Anolis frenatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 53
Dactyloa frenata — GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Dactyloa frenata — KÖHLER 2000: 59
Dactyloa frenata — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa frenata — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
|Distribution||Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia (Caribbean), elevation up to 900 m.|
Type locality: unknown; Barbour (1934) suggested Baranquilla, Colombia; exact location uncertain according to Savage and Talbot (1978).
|Types||Holotype: Lost (fide LOTZKAT et al. 2013)|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A large species (maximum SVL 143 mm) of the genus Dactyloa (sensu Nicholson et al. 2012) that is most similar in external morphology to the other members of this clade found in western Panama (D. casildae, D. ginaelisae, D. ibanezi, D. insignis, D. kunayalae, and D. microtus). Dactyloa frenata can readily be distinguished from these six species by the presence of a pronounced light interorbital bar with dark anterior and posterior borders, and by its unique color pattern on dorsum and flanks consisting of dark blotches or ocelli arranged to form oblique bands (Fig. 12). Moreover, D. frenata has 9 or more SPL (vs. usually 8 or fewer) to the level below center of eye. In addition, D. frenata differs from D.ginaelisae, D. insignis, D. kunayalae, and D. microtus in having long legs (tip of fourth toe of adpressed hind limb reaching to eye or beyond in D. frenata), and from D. ginaelisae, D. ibanezi, D. insignis, D. kunayalae, and D. microtus in having the suboculars separated from the SPL by at least one scale row (vs. suboculars and SPL in contact) [LOTZKAT et al. 2013].|
|Comment||Distribution: Reports from Venezuela are either in error or based on misidentifications (UGUETO et al. 2009).|
Savage and Talbot (1978) reported that one of the two specimens of Peters’ original description of A. squamulatus was in fact an A. frenatus mistakenly believed to have come from Puerto Cabello, Venezuela.
Genomics: Marc Tollis et al. (Arizona State University) presented a draft genome assembly of this species at SICB 2014 (see link).
Species group: Dactyloa latifrons species group (NICHOLSON et al. 2012).
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