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Anolis gadovii BOULENGER, 1905

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Gadow's Anole
S: Abaniquillo de Gadow 
SynonymAnolis gadovii BOULENGER 1905: 245
Anolis gadovii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 61
Anolis gadowi — DUELLMAN 1965
Anolis gadoviae — MYERS 1971
Anolis gadoviae — SMITH & SAVITZKY 1972
Anolis gadoviae — SMITH & SMITH 1976
Anolis gadowi — SMITH & SMITH 1976
Anolis gadovii — FITCH 1976
Anolis gadovi — HEDGES et al. 1992
Norops gadovii — LINER 1994
Norops gadovii — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis gadovii — LINER 2007
Norops gadovii — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis gadovii — KÖHLER et al. 2014: 150
Norops gadovii — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero)

Type locality: Tierra Colorada, South Guerrero  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.13.1 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A moderate-sized to moderately large species (SVL in largest male 76.0 mm, largest female 63.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all other Mexican and Central American congeners except A. dunni, A. liogaster, A. omiltemanus, and A. peucephilus by having (1) smooth ventral scales; (2) an oval patch of usually three greatly enlarged supraorbital scales; (3) a pair of greatly enlarged postcloacal scales in males. Anolis gadovii is unique among the Mexican and Central American anole species in exhibiting a bold pattern of dark brown blotches and lines on the head and body. Anolis gadovii differs from A. liogaster, A. omiltemanus, and A. peucephilus by having the middorsal scales not or only 2-4 rows slightly enlarged (vs. 10–15 rows of dorsal scales moderately enlarged in A. liogaster, A. omiltemanus, and A. peucephilus). Also, A. gadovii has longer hind legs than A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus with the longest toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to level of mideye or anterior border of eye (vs. to level of ear opening or to a point between shoulder and ear opening in A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus), and a pink to purple male dewlap (vs. uniform orange yellow in A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus), and usually only a single pair of greatly enlarged sublabial scales in contact with infralabial scales (vs. usually two pairs in A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus). Aside from its bold reticulated pattern, A. gadovii differs from A. dunni by longer hind legs with the longest toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to level of mideye or anterior border of eye (vs. to a point between ear and eye or to posterior border of eye, rarely to ear opening or to mideye in A. dunni) and a pink to purple male dewlap (vs. pinkish to orange red with semicircular pale streaks and blotches in A. dunni). (KÖHLER et al. 2014).

Original description: “Head once and two-thirds as long as broad, slightly longer than the tibia; forehead concave ; frontal ridges distinct, divergent; upper head-scales rugose, not keeled; scales on frontal ridges and supraorbital semicircles large, the latter in contact on the interorbital region ; three large supraoculars, forming together a disk separated from the supraorbital semicircle by two series of small scales; occipital large, a little larger than the ear-opening, separated from the supraoi'bital semicircles by two series of small scales ; canthal scales four, loreal rows six; six or seven upper labials to beloAv centre of eye; ear-opening large, vertically oval. Gular appendage very large, extending far back on the breast; gular scales smooth. Body compressed; no dorso-nuchal fold. Dorsal scales small, smooth or faintly keeled, irregular, juxtaposed; lateral scales minute, granular; ventral scales larger than dorsals, smooth, juxtaposed. The adpressed hind limb reaches the eye ; tibia as long as the distance between the end of the snout and the ear; digits moderately dilated ; 20 lamellfe under phalanges II and III of the fourth toe. Tail feebly compressed, not crested, once and three-fourths length of head and body. No enlarged postanal scales. Greyish above, with black Avavy and vermicular lines ; two parallel black lines on each side from shoulder to hip ; belly white ; gular appendage bright red. Total length 225 millim. Fore limb 37 millim. Head 20 mm, Hind limb 63 mm, Width of head 12 mm, Tail 145 mm, Body 60 mm. 
CommentSynonymy: after KÖHLER et al. 2014.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1905. Descriptions of new reptiles discovered in Mexico by Dr. H. Gadow, F.R.S. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1905 (2): 245-247 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W.E. 1965. A biogeographic account of the herpetofauna of Michoacan, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 15 (14): 627-709. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1976. Sexual size difference in the mainland anoles. Occ. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas 50:21 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges,S.B. et al. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 89: 1909-1913 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mosauer, W. 1936. The Re-Discovery of Anolis gadovii Herpetologica 1 (2): 61-63. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. 1933. Notes on some Mexican lizards of the genus Anolis with the description of a new species, A. megapholidotus. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 36: 318-320 [1934?] - get paper here
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