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Anolis guazuma GARRIDO, 1984

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Turquino Twig Anole, Sierra Anole 
SynonymAnolis guazuma GARRIDO 1984: 71
Anolis guazuma — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 272
Anolis guazuma — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 236
Norops guazuma — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis guazuma — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis guazuma — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis guazuma — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba (Sierra Maestra)

Type locality: La Emajagua, Pico Turquino, about 600 m, Sierra Maesta, Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CZACC 4.6128. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 47 mm, in females to 41 mm); habitus
attenuate, tail short; 3 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-3 (strongly modally 0); 1 scale between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 6-7 postrostrals; 4 (females) to 6 (males) postmentals; head scales smooth; a concave depression between canthals; suboculars separated from supralabials by 1 row of scales; dewlap well developed, scales along border flat, smooth, and heart-shaped; dorsals smooth, almost granular, very uniform, slightly obovate; ventrals smooth, flat, slightly imbricate anteriorly, almost hexagonal and nonimbricate posteriorly; limb scales and supradigital scales smooth; tail very short (shorter than SVL), cylindrical, much thicker at base, without crest or folds, verticils well developed, composed of enlarged and imbricate scales. Dorsum (males) generally grayish brown, with some rusty dots; a conspicuous, wide, blackish postocular spot; posterior face of thighs rusty; tail with 6 well-marked, dark rings or bands; throat whitish; labials spotted black; dewlap dark orange peripherally, yellowish ocher basally, interior scales white; iris dark; oral cavity and throat blackish; dorsum (females) like males but grayish yellow with 3 conspicuous, rusty chestnut spots,
reticulate; head gray; tail with 10 darker bands: rudimentary dewlap whitish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 272). 
CommentSpecies group: Anolis angusticeps species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
References
  • Estrada, A.R. & S.B. Hedges 1995. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from eastern Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 31 (1-2): 65-72. - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. 1983. Nueva especie de Anolis (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) de la Sierra del Turquino, Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 19: 71-76 [1984?]
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
 
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