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Anolis haguei STUART, 1942

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Hague's Anole 
SynonymAnolis haguei STUART 1942: 3
Anolis crassulus haguei — STUART 1948
Anolis crassulus haguei — STUART 1963
Anolis crassulus haguei — PETERS et al. 1970: 52
Norops haguei — KÖHLER, MCCRANIE & WILSON 1999
Norops haguei — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops haguei — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops haguei — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops haugei — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 (in error) 
DistributionGuatemala (highlands of Alta Verapaz and the Sierra de las Minas)

Type locality: Two km south of Finca Chichén, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, elevation 1400 to 2590 m  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 90226; Paratype: MCZ 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS. An anole very closely related to Anolis crassulus Cope, from which it is readily distinguished by its smaller dorsal scales. (Stuart 1942)

DESCRIPTION OF HOLOTYPE. Dorsal head scales irregular in size and shape, knobby in appearance, rugose or carinate. Supraorbital semicircles distinct, composed of scales which are broader than long; in contact medially. Three large and several somewhat smaller supraoculars, separated from the supraorbital semicircles and superciliaries by granular scales. Parietal distinct, slightly larger than ear openings, not in contact with supraorbital semicircles. Canthus sharp; five rows of loreal scales; six supralabials to below the center of the eye. About eleven rows of keeled, imbricate dorsal scales, those along the middorsal line largest; imbricate dorsals grading gradually into the granular, juxtaposed laterals which are much smaller than the dorsals. About fifty-seven dorsal scales between the levels of the axilla and groin. Ventral scales strongly keeled, much larger than the dorsals, numbering about thirty-five between the groin and axillary levels. Tail slightly compressed, and covered with sharply keeled, subequal scales. Male with enlarged postanal scutes. Dewlap large, extending posteriorly well beyond the level of the axilla. (Stuart 1942)

Coloration: Ground color of dorsal surfaces brown. The posterior part of the head is mottled with black, and there is a black mid-dorsal stripe the lateral extent of which is irregular. Later ally, the snout is light brown, and the head behind the eye is mottled dark brown and black. The sides are very dark brown. A very fine dark streak extends from the tympanum posteriorly above the arn and on the sides. The legs are mottled with light and dark shades of brown above. The ventral surfaces are brownish white, the chin and throat heavily smudged with black. The tail is light brown with occasional dark spots. The dewlap is very pale red (bright red orange in life). (Stuart 1942)

VARIATION. In the paratypic series no great variation is noted. The irregularity of the head scales produces many minor variations. Of these, the most frequent is the separation of the supraorbital semicircles by a single scale. The dorsal scutellation varies 41-57 (mean 48) in the males and 45-59 (mean 53) in the females, and the ventral scutes vary 31-35 (mean 33) in the males and 32-36 (mean 34) in the females. The dorsal head scales are more flattened in the females. The color of the paratypic series is largely like that of the holotype. In two females, however, the dark dorsal stripe is replaced by a very light dorsal stripe which extends from the nape onto the tail. (Stuart 1942) 
CommentNorops haguei has been previously considered as a synonym or subspecies of N. crassulus.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyNamed after Henry Hague, manager of the San Geronimo Estate near Vera Paz and collector in Guatemala. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S., ECHELLE, A. A., & ECHELLE, A. E 1976. Field observations on rare or little known mainland anoles. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51: 91-128 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, E. P., & Townsend, J. H. 2017. Origins and biogeography of the Anolis crassulus subgroup (Squamata: Dactyloidae) in the highlands of Nuclear Central America. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17(1), 267 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, E.P., Townsend, J.H. 2020. Origins and biogeography of the Anolis crassulus subgroup (Squamata: Dactyloidae) in the highlands of Nuclear Central America. BMC Evol Biol 17, 267 (2017) - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler,G., McCranie,J.R. & Wilson,L.D. 1999. Two new species of anoles of the Norops crassulus group from Honduras (Reptilia: Sauria: Polychrotidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (3): 279-298 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R; Wilson L D; Williams K L 1992. A new species of anole of the Norops crassulus group (Sauria: Polychridae) from northwestern Honduras. Carib. J. Sci. 28 (3-4): 208-215
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1942. Comments on several species of Anolis from Guatemala with descriptions of three new forms. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan 464: 1-10. - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1955. A brief review of the Guatemalan lizards of the genus Anolis. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan No. 91: 1-31 - get paper here
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