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Anolis hendersoni COCHRAN, 1923

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis hendersoni hendersoni COCHRAN 1923
Anolis hendersoni ravidormitans SCHWARTZ 1978 
Common NamesE: La Selle Long-snouted Anole, Henderson's Anole 
SynonymAnolis hendersoni COCHRAN 1923: 225
Anolis hendersoni — COCHRAN 1941
Anolis hendersoni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 275
Anolis hendersoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx hendersoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx hendersoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis hendersoni hendersoni COCHRAN 1923
Deiroptyx hendersoni hendersoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx hendersoni hendersoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis hendersoni ravidormitans SCHWARTZ, 1978
Deiroptyx hendersoni ravidormitans — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx hendersoni ravidormitans — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (S Haiti)

hendersoni: Morne l'Hôpital, Montagne Noire, and north slope of Massif de la Selle; questionably the subspecies on Massif de la Hotte. Type locality: Pétionville, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.

ravidormitans: southern slopes of Massif de la Selle and associated lowlands.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 59210 (hendersoni)
Holotype: USNM 197324 [ravidormitans] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL to 49 mm in males, to 42 mm in females); habitus
attenuate, tail long and thin; 5-8 (strongly modally 6) rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1-3 (strongly modally 1); 3-6 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 2-4 (strongly modally 2) postrostrals; 4-8 (strongly modally 6) postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; dorsal scales granular, middorsal 4-5 rows have enlarged granules, median row keeled; lateral scales extremely minute; ventral scales moderately large, flat, transversely oblong and slightly keeled; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail long, slightly compressed, without verticils; dewlap small, not extensible. Dorsum (males) grayish tan to pale greenish, with blue-green to rich brown wash, or pale olive to tan with dull, pea-green posterior wash; postocular area bright blue, extending onto neck, or green to blue, the colors not bright; flank stripe more or less complete, bright yellow, dull green to blue or white with yellow only posteriorly; stripe at times expanded below eye and onto neck, posteriorly with short, ventrolateral extensions into substripe stippled or marbled area; nuchal scrolling or vermiculations buffy to orange, or buff; substripe stippling brown and buffy, or buffy; venter blue-green, yellow buffy to tan or gray; throat bright yellow-green with dark green, yellow buffy, to tan or yellow-green stripes; dorsum (females) similar to males but with duller colors and frequently with a light median dorsal band; flank stripe rather obscure to absent; nuchal scrolling and green posterior wash absent; lizards sleep in the bright or dull diurnal colors and patterns (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 275). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941; Williams, 1963; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Sexual dimorphism: the carolinensis and hendersoni clades are the most extreme both in male facial elongation and the degree of sexual dimorphism (Sanger et al. 2013).

Species group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. John Brooks Henderson Jr. (1870-1923), American physician, naturalist, and amateur malacologist, specializing in West Indian shells. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1923. A new Anolis from Haiti. J. Washington Acad. Sci. 13: 225-226. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Sanger, T. J., Sherratt, E., McGlothlin, J. W., Brodie, E. D., Losos, J. B. and Abzhanov, A. 2013. CONVERGENT EVOLUTION OF SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN SKULL SHAPE USING DISTINCT DEVELOPMENTAL STRATEGIES. Evolution, 67: 2180–2193 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1978. The Hispaniolan Anolis (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) of the hendersoni complex. Journal of Herpetology 12 (3): 355-70. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Williams,E.E. 1963. Notes on hispaniolan herpetology. 8. The forms related to Anolis hendersoni Cochran. Breviora (186): 1-13 - get paper here
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