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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Blue dewlap anole
Spanish: Anolis de saco azul 
SynonymAnolis hyacinthogularis TORRES-CARVAJAL, AYALA-VARELA, LOBOS, POE & NARVÁEZ 2017
Anolis hyacintogularis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 (in error) 
DistributionS Ecuador (elevation 1440 - 1845 m)

Type locality: Ecuador, Provincia Zamora Chinchipe, San Francisco Research Station, 03.971°S, 79.082°W, WGS84, 1441 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: QCAZ 14136 (Figure 1), adult male, 13 September 2015, collected by Andrea Narváez and Leonardo Cedeño. Paratypes (4): ECUADOR: Provincia Zamora Chinchipe: QCAZ 14135, juvenile female, same data as holotype, except 3.973°S, 79.078°W, 1823 m, 9 September 2015; QCAZ 14137, juvenile male, same data as holotype, except 3.973°S, 79.088°W, 1845 m, 15 September 2015; QCAZ 14450–51, adult males, San Francisco Research Station, 03.972°S, 79.084°W, 1919 m, 15 January 2016, collected by Fernando Ayala, Steven Poe and Chris Anderson. 
DiagnosisAnolis hyacinthogularis differs from other species of Anolis (clade Dactyloa) from Ecuador and Peru, except Anolis dissimilis, Anolis festae and Anolis nigrolineatus, by possessing a long tail, small size (SVL < 60 mm), short dewlap extending to the level of the arms, smooth head scales and by lacking a rostral proboscis. It differs from A. festae and A. nigrolineatus in lacking a black ventral stripe on the dewlap in males (dewlap stripe present in these species). Anolis hyacinthogularis is distinguished from A. dissimilis by having sky blue dewlap skin with horizontal rows of whitish cream scales agglomerated at the base in males (white to cream dewlap in males of A. dissimilis); seven or eight supralabials from snout to below centre of eye (11 in A. dissimilis), and a shorter head.
The ND2 distance value (0.274) between A. hyacinthogularis and its closest relative Anolis calimae is comparable to DNA divergences between other species pairs of Anolis (Supplemental material). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet hyacinthogularis alludes to the blue dewlap of the male and derives from the Latin words hyacinthus (=blue), and gula (=throat). 
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O., Ayala-Varela, F. P., Lobos, S. E., Poe, S., & Narváez, A. E. 2017. Two new Andean species of Anolis lizard (Iguanidae: Dactyloinae) from southern Ecuador. Journal of Natural History 52: 1067-1089 - get paper here
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