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Anolis isolepis (COPE, 1861)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Dwarf Green Anole, Jatibonico Anole 
SynonymCtenocercus isolepis COPE 1861: 214
Anolis isolepis — GUNDLACH 1867: 110
Anolis isolepis — BOULENGER 1885: 46
Anolis isolepis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 281
Anolis isolepis — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 218
Anolis isolepis — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis isolepis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis isolepis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionE Cuba

Type locality: Monte Verde, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesSyntypes: lost, was USNM, but now lost, fide Schwartz & Henderson 1988. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 52 mm, in females to 51 mm); 4 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1; 1-4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 2-4 (mode 4) postmentals; 5-6 (mode 5) postrostrals; dewlap present in both sexes; head scales striate; suboculars in contact with supra-labials; dorsals small, nonimbricate, often keeled; ventrals keeled or smooth, in transverse and diagonal rows, about same size as dorsals; supradigital scales unicarinate; tail short, cylindrical, scales small, keeled, uniform, imbricate, non-verticillate; body laterally compressed, tail slightly laterally compressed. Dorsum uniform green in pale phase. with violet ground and black reticulations in dark phase; a white labial stripe, extending to forelimbs, in males; dewlap very pale yellow and apricot-yellow (males), and yellow-white (female) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 281). 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Ruibal, 1964.

Subspecies: Anolis isolepis altitudinalis GARRIDO 1985 has been elevated to full species status.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of anoles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 208-215. - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. and S. B. Hedges 2001. A new anole from the northern slope of the Sierra Maestra in eastern Cuba (Squamata: Iguanidae). Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 378-383 - get paper here
  • Garrido, O.H. 1985. Nueva subespecie de Anolis isolepis (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) para Cuba. Donana, Acta Vert. 12 (1): 41-49.
  • Gundlach, J. 1867. Repertorio Fís. Nat. Isla de Cuba 2: 110
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Williams, E. E.; Rand, A. S. 1977. Species recognition, dewlap function and faunal size. American Zoologist 17: 261-270 - get paper here
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