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Anolis limon VELASCO & HURTADO-GÓMEZ, 2014

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis limon VELASCO & HURTADO-GÓMEZ 2014
Dactyloa limon — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionColombia (Antioquia)

Type locality: department of Antioquia, Gómez Plata municipality, Vereda La Clara, Hacienda Vegas de la Clara; 6°34’53”N, 75°11’43’’W (1093 m elevation).  
TypesHolotype: MHUA R 11760; adult male, collected by Wilmar Munera on April 22, 2008 (Figure 1, 2 and 3). Paratypes (all from Colombia). MHUA R 10053, 11267 collected in department of Antioquia, Yolombo municipality, Normandia, 6°44'6''N, 75°4'51''W (935 m); MHUA R 10939 department of Antioquia, Amalfi municipality, vereda San Ignacio, 6°54'43''N, 75°4'42''W (1000 m); MHUA R 11020 collected in department of Caldas, Norcasia municipality, vereda El Tigre, 5°33'32.7''N, 74°52'5,6''W (520 m); MHUA R 11248 collected in department of Antioquia, Anor municipality, vereda El Retiro 6°48'46.66''N, 75°3'34,34''W (1538 m). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. An Anolis of the “Dactyloa” clade (Savage et al. 1989; Castañeda & de Queiroz 2011, 2013) and the latifrons series (Etheridge 1959; Williams 1976a) according to the following combination of osteological characters: eight or less septate caudal vertebrae, lack of transverse processes on most or all of the autotomic caudal vertebra and having at least four parasternal chevrons attached to the dorsal ribs.
Anolis limon differs from most species of the punctatus and tigrinus groups (Williams 1992) by having relatively smaller head scales; from the laevis species group (Williams 1979) by lacking a soft proboscis; from the roquet species group (Williams 1976b) by possessing supraorbital semicircles separated from each other, the interparietal separated from the supraorbital semicircles, and a straight posterior border of the mental (Poe 2004); and from the latifrons clade (Castañeda & de Quieroz 2011, 2013) by having a snout-vent length in adults less than 100 mm (Savage 2002).
Anolis limon shares intermediate adult body size (65–95 mm SVL), smooth ventral scales, and mostly green dorsal coloration with A. chocorum and A. ibanezi, (see Poe et al. 2009a), but differs of these both species in dewlap and color pattern (Figure 2). Anolis limon is distinguished from A. chocorum and A. ibanezi by its uniform light tan or yellow near the throat and tan in the distal portion with rows of green scales in males and color pattern. The dewlap in A. chocorum is orange and white anteriorly with rows of white scales. The dewlap in A. ibanezi is green and white anteriorly orange with rows of green scales (Poe et al. 2009). The color pattern in A. limon males is green with wide black bands on the flanks of males (males of A. chocorum exhibit rows of ocelli and males of A. ibanezi exhibit thin lines). In females of A. limon there is diffuse dark green spots on the flanks (there are rows of ocelli in females of A. chocorum and thin lines in females of A. ibanezi; however, we do not known whether these spots would be homologous with the ocelli present in A. chocorum) (Figure 1 and 2). Furthermore, A. limon exhibits fewer scales across the snout than A. chocorum (mean = 9.7, range = 8–11 in A. limon; mean = 12, range = 10–15 in A. chocorum). 
EtymologyThe specific name limon makes reference to the resemblance of the body color of the females to the green color of the fruits of the lemon tree (Citrus x lemon). 
  • BATISTA, ABEL; MILAN VESELY, KONRAD MEBERT, SEBASTIAN LOTZKAT & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2015. A new species of Dactyloa from eastern Panama, with comments on other Dactyloa species present in the region. Zootaxa 4039 (1): 057–084 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales JA, Marín-Martínez M, Zuluaga-Isaza JC 2019. Rediscovery of the enigmatic forest racer snake, Dendrophidion boshelli Dunn, 1944 (Serpentes, Colubridae): actions for the conservation of a critically endangered species. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 14(4): 577–589 - get paper here
  • VELASCO, JULIÁN A. & JUAN PABLO HURTADO-GÓMEZ 2014. A new green anole lizard of the "Dactyloa" clade (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from the Magdalena river valley of Colombia. Zootaxa 3785 (2): 201–216 - get paper here
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