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Anolis liogaster BOULENGER, 1905

IUCN Red List - Anolis liogaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Guerreran Anole
S: Abaniquillo Rojo 
SynonymAnolis liogaster BOULENGER 1905: 245
Anolis liogaster — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 62
Anolis adleri SMITH 1972 (fide LIEB 1981)
Anolis liogaster — LIEB 1981
Norops liogaster — LINER 1994
Norops liogaster — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis liogaster — LINER 2007
Norops adleri — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops liogaster — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis liogaster — KÖHLER et al. 2014: 158
Norops liogaster — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero)

Type locality: Omilteme, Guerrero (elevation: 7600 feet)

adleri: Mexico (Guerrero); Type locality: 2.2 km (by road) W Patio de Aviacion, Guerrero, Mexico, 2160 m elevation.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.8.53-54
Holotype: UMMZ 131685, an adult male from 15 Dec. 1969, taken by Kraig Adler, David M. Dennis and David H. Snyder. Hypoparatypes. Two very small juveniles: UMMZ 131686, 5 km NE Yerbabuena (=Yerbasanta) (=24 km by road W Asoleadero), Guerrero, 2000 m, 18 Dec. 1969; and UMMZ 131687, 1.4 km NE Yerbabuena, Guerrero, 1820 m, 18 Dec. 1969; same collectors [adleri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small to moderate-sized species (SVL in largest male 50.0 mm, largest female 54.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all other Mexican and Central American congeners except A. dunni, A. gadovii, A. omiltemanus, and A. peucephilus by having (1) smooth ventral scales; (2) an oval patch of usually three greatly enlarged supraorbital scales; (3) a pair of greatly enlarged postcloacal scales in males. Anolis liogaster differs from A. dunni and A. gadovii by having 10–15 rows of dorsal scales moderately enlarged (vs. the middorsal scales not or only 2-4 rows slightly enlarged in A. dunni and A. gadovii). It further differs from A. dunni by having a uniform purple to pink male dewlap (vs. pinkish to orange red male dewlap with semicircular pale streaks and blotches in A. dunni). It also differs from A. gadovii by the absence of a bold reticulated body pattern (vs. such a pattern present in A. gadovii). Anolis liogaster differs from A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus by having longer hind legs with the longest toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to a point between posterior and anterior margin of eye or occasionally to a point between ear opening and eye (vs. to level of ear opening or to a point between shoulder and ear opening in A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus), usually only a single pair of greatly enlarged sublabial scales in contact with infralabial scales (vs. usually two pairs in A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus), and a pink to purple male dewlap (vs. orange yellow in A. omiltemanus and A. peucephilus) (KÖHLER et al. 2014).

Diagnosis (adleri). A member of the gadovii group of Anolis, having perfectly smooth ventrals and large supraoculars forming a distinct disc; body scales relatively large; ventrals (about 22 in head length) twice as large as largest dorsals; latter gradually decreasing in size laterally from vertebrals;auditory meatus largerthan interparietalin adults; hind leg reaching eye; suboculars contacting supralabial sv;entral surface heavily pigmented; dewlap pale purple in life; snout-vent length in males to 44 mm [SMITH 1972]. 
CommentSynonymy: Lieb (1981) synonymized Anolis adleri with A. liogaster.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1905. Descriptions of new reptiles discovered in Mexico by Dr. H. Gadow, F.R.S. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1905 (2): 245-247 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Claus Bo P. Petersen & Fausto R. Méndez de la Cruz 2019. A new species of anole from the Sierra Madre del Sur in Guerrero, Mexico (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae: Norops). Vertebrate Zoology 69(2): 145–160 - get paper here
  • Lieb, Carl S. 1981. Biochemical and karyological systematics of the Mexican lizards of the Anolis gadovi and A.nebulosus species groups (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Ph.D. Diss., Univ. California, Los Angeles. 308 p.
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Munoz-Alonso A; Flores-Villela O 1990. Anolis liogaster Boulenger. Abaniquillo Rojo. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 489: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIÁN, STEVEN POE, SIMON SCARPETTA, LEVI GRAY & CARL S. LIEB 2013. Synonyms for some species of Mexican anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3637 (4): 484–492 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo and Thalia Elvira Cruz-Machuca. 2014. Anolis liogaster (Guerreran anole) cannibalism. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 490 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1972. A new satellite of the Anolis gadovii species swarm (Reptilia: Sauria) in Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 6 (3-4): 179-181 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
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