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Anolis longiceps SCHMIDT, 1919

IUCN Red List - Anolis longiceps - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Navassa Anole 
SynonymAnolis longiceps SCHMIDT 1919: 521
Anolis longiceps — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 290
Anolis longiceps — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis longiceps — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis longiceps — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 

Type locality: Navassa Island.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 12597. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 83 mm, in females to 76 mm); 4
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1; 3 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 2 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; dorsal scales rather large, almost imbricate, coarsely keeled; supra-digital scales multicarinate. Dorsum green or brown (in metachrosis); juveniles with finely lineate dorsal pattern, lines composed of series of light spots intermittently fused; spots more distinct on sides and hazier on middorsal zone; head and tail also spotted; throat with dark lines; adults lose much of this pattern, resulting in linear series of spots on neck and middorsum, becoming vermiculate on head; spots usually yellowish in green phase (bluish in large males), white in brown phase; venter white; dewlap pale orange with white scales (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 290). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schmidt, 1921.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Glor, Richard E.; Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2005. Out of Cuba: Overwater Dispersal and Speciation among Lizards in the Anolis carolinensis Subgroup. Molecular Ecology 14: 2419-2432 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert 1999. Anolis longiceps Schmidt. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (693): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1919. Descriptions of new amphibians and reptiles from Santo Domingo and Navassa. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 41:519-525. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1921. The herpetology of Navassa Island. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44(18): 555-559 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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