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Anolis longitibialis NOBLE, 1923

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis longitibialis longitibialis NOBLE 1923
Anolis longitibialis specuum SCHWARTZ 1979 
Common NamesE: Barahona Stout Anole, Isla Beata Anole 
SynonymAnolis longitibialis NOBLE 1923: 4
Anolis cybotes longitibialis — COCHRAN 1941
Anolis longitibialis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 290
Anolis longitibialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Audantia longitibialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia longitibialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis longitibialis longitibialis NOBLE 1923
Audantia longitibialis longitibialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia longitibialis longitibialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis longitibialis specuum SCHWARTZ, 1979
Audantia longitibialis specuum — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia longitibialis specuum — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (SE Haiti, SW Dominican Republic), Isla Beata

longitibialis: Isla Beata. Type locality: Isla Beata, República Dominicana.

specuum: Peninsula de Barahona.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 24329
Holotype: MCZ 132370 [specuum] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 72 mm, in females to 59 mm); 4-6
(mode 5) rows ofloreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1 (mode 0); 0-2 (mode 1) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 0-1 (mode 1) rows of scales between suboculars and supralabials; 3-5 (mode 4) postrostrals; 2-9 (mode 6) postmentals; dorsals small, granular, flattened; median row of dorsals enlarged, continuing onto tail; supradigital scales smooth to faintly unicarinate; ventrals smooth; tail short, compressed, verticillate, 7 vertical rows/verticil, 3 enlarged middorsals/verticil. Dorsum grayish brown or grayish tan in both sexes, often with at least an indication of 4 darker brown dumbbells on body (more conspicuous in females); body often with many dark brown longitudinal dots and dashes; flank stripe gray, often absent or indicated only by extreme lateral edges of dorsal dumbbell-shaped figures or their remnants; lower sides at times greenish; a pale, narrow subocular crescent and a dark postocular (but truncated) U at times present (by subspecies); venter creamy; throat usually immaculate in adult males, longitudinally streaked in females; dewlap dirty yellow to orange on posterior 3/4, or yellow to very pale orange or very dull yellow or dirty yellow (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 290). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941. 
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Gifford, M. E., Y. M. Ramos, R. Powell and J. S. Parmerlee, Jr. 2003. Natural history of a saxicolous anole, Anolis longitibialis, from Hispaniola. Herpetological Natural History 9 (1):15-20 [2002]
  • Gifford, M.E. and R. Powell 2002. Anolis longitibialis Noble. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 749: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Kahrl, Ariel F.; Brittney M. Ivanov, Katharina C. Wollenberg Valero, and Michele A. Johnson 2018. Ecomorphological Variation in Three Species of Cybotoid Anoles. Herpetologica 74 (1): 29-37. - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K. 1923. Four new lizards from Beata Island, Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 64:1-5. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1979. A new species of cybotoid anole (Sauria, Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Breviora (451):1-27. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1989. A review of the Cybotoid Anoles (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 78: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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