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Anolis luciae GARMAN, 1887

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Saint Lucia Anole, Saint Lucian anole, St. Lucia Anole 
SynonymAnolis luciae GARMAN 1887: 44
Anolis bimaculatus luciae — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis trinitatis procuratoris UNDERWOOD 1959: 214
Anolis luciae — SCHMIDT 1979
Anolis trinitatis procuratoris — SCHMIDT 1979
Anolis luciae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 292
Anolis luciae — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Dactyloa luciae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa luciae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionLesser Antilles: St. Lucia, Pigeon I, Maria I

Type locality: “St. Lucia”; restricted to the principal town and port, Castries by Lazell 1972.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 6175 (not 6173 as cited by Underwood 1959); Syntypes: ANSP 24166, USNM 39296, 39297
Holotype: MCZ 57202 [procuratoris] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 91 mm, to 63 mm in females); 3-5
rows of loreals; 0 scales between supraorbital semicircles; 0-1 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; scales behind interparietal grade gradually into dorsals; 3-5 postrostrals; 3--6 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; dorsal scales small, granular, 2 dorsalmost rows enlarged; midventral scales almost square, smooth, juxtaposed; supradigital scales multicarinate; 5-7 rows of vertical scales/lOth caudal verticil. Dorsal ground color (males) brown, olive, pale apple-green; dorsum patternless or chevronate, or reticulate mottling (southernmost Maria I.); laterally some blue tones, may be extensive and deep or vague; flank stripe vague to blue; eyelids pale greenish, tan, blue, or white; venter tannish white or with a yellow wash; dewlap: (a) grayish yellow or dull orange with white scales, (b) plain gray with faint, greenish wash to brick-red with green scales; females similar to males, but duller and browner, less color change, and have dark chevrons with whitish posterior borders, with or without middorsal stripe; iris varies from blackish brown to blue, including turquoise (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 292). 
CommentSynonymy after Lazell 1972.

Species groups: Dactyloa roquet species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Creer, Douglas A., Kevin de Queiroz, Todd R. Jackman, Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2001. Systematics of the Anolis roquet series of the southern Lesser Antillies. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 428-441 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles. Iguanidae. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 25-50. - get paper here
  • Giannasi, Nick;Thorpe, Roger Stephen;Malhotra, Anita 1997. Introductions of Anolis species to the Island of St. Lucia, West Indies: testing for hybrids using multivariate morphometrics. Journal of Herpetology 31 (4): 586-589 - get paper here
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C. & Atkins, Leonard 1968. The relationships of the Anolis of the roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae). III. Comparative study of display behavior. Breviora (284): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Johansson, H.; Surget-Groba, Y.; Gow, J.L. & Thorpe, R.S. 2008. Development of microsatellite markers in the St Lucia anole, Anolis luciae. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 1408–1410 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • Lewis, Todd R. 2001. Reptile observations on the Maria Islands: two satellite islands of St. Lucia (West Indies). Herpetological Bulletin (77): 25-28 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Roughgarden, J. 1995. Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 200 pp.
  • Schmidt, J. 1979. Warum eigentlich immer Anolis carolinensis? Herpetofauna 1 (3): 26-29 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thorpe RS 2017. Predictability in evolution: Adaptation of the Bonaire anole (Anolis bonairensis) to an extreme environment. PLoS One 12 (5): e0176434. - get paper here
  • Thorpe, R. S., Barlow, A., Malhotra, A. and Surget-Groba, Y. 2015. Widespread parallel population adaptation to climate variation across a radiation: implications for adaptation to climate change. Molecular Ecology 24: 1019–1030. doi: 10.1111/mec.13093 - get paper here
  • Thorpe, R. S., Barlow, A., Surget-Groba, Y., & Malhotra, A. 2018. Multilocus phylogeny, species age and biogeography of the Lesser Antillean anoles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E.; Quesnel, Victor C.; Kenny, Julian S.; Underwood,G. 1959. The anoles of the Eastern Caribbean (Sauria, Iguanidae) Part. I. Preface; Part II. Two sibling species of anoles in Trinidad; Part. III. Revisionary notes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 121 (5): 185-226 + 1 plate - get paper here
  • Williams, Robert JToussaint.; Matthew N. Morton, Jennifer C Daltry, and Adams Toussaint 2019. The distribution of non-native Anolis lizards on Saint Lucia, Lesser Antilles. Caribbean Journal of Science 49(2-3), 281-289 - get paper here
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