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Anolis magnaphallus POE & IBÁÑEZ, 2007

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis magnaphallus POE & IBÁÑEZ 2007
Norops magnaphallus (see note)
Norops magnaphallus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops magnaphallus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionW Panama (Cordillera, Chiriqui)

Type locality: eastern entrance to Sendero Quetzales,
8 km North of Boquete, approximately 08°49.0’N, 82°28.6’W, Chiriqui Province, Panama.  
TypesHolotype: MSB 72579, an adult male, collected by S. Poe and C. Hickman on 13 December 2003. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Anolis magnaphallus is most simi- lar to A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis of the lemurinus group of Anolis. In addition to the standard lemurinus group characters (see above), it shares with these two forms the conditions of bulging hemipenes (Fig. 1), 3–4 scales separating supraorbital semicircles, mul- ticarinate head scales, and at least 10 scales across the snout between the second canthals. Anolis magnaphallus differs from these species in possessing fewer loreal rows (x = 6.2 [5–8] in A. magnaphallus; x = 9.2 [7–12] in A. pachypus; x = 8.8 [7–10] in tropidolepis) and a broader band of larger middorsal scales (6–12 rows of enlarged scales, x = 12.6 [10–15] longitudinal middorsals in 10% of SVL in A. magnaphallus; 2–5 rows of enlarged scales, x = 15.8 [14–17] longitudinal middorsals in 10% of SVL in A. pachypus, 2–5 rows of enlarged scales, x = 16.1 [14–17] longitudinal middorsals in 10% of SVL in A. tropidolepis), and in dewlap color (solid brick red in A. magnaphallus; orange-red with yellow pattern in A. pachypus; purple-red in A. tropidolepis).
CommentThis species was described as “A. magnaphallus” but would be a Norops if this genus is recognized.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyThe specific names alludes to the noticeably enlarged genitalia of the males of the new species. 
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • LOTZKAT, SEBASTIAN; JOE-FELIX BIENENTREU,, ANDREAS HERTZ, & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2011. A new species of Anolis (Squamata: Iguania: Dactyloidae) formerly referred to as A. pachypus from the Cordillera de Talamanca of western Panama and adjacent Costa Rica. Zootaxa 3125: 1–21 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. & Ibáñez, R. 2007. A New Species of Anolis Lizard from the Cordillera De Talamanca of Western Panama. Journal of Herpetology 41 (2): 263–270 - get paper here
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