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Anolis marcanoi WILLIAMS, 1975

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Red-fanned Stout Anole 
SynonymAnolis marcanoi WILLIAMS 1975: 2
Anolis marcanoi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 296
Anolis marcanoi — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Audantia marcanoi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia marcanoi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (SC Dominican Republic)

Type locality: “ca. 5 km N La Horma, Peravia Province, Dominican Republic”  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 131837 (in catalogue as 131876) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 57 mm, in females to 49 mm); 4-6
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1 (strongly modally 0); 1-3 (mode 2) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 0-1 (mode 1) scales between suboculars and supralabials; 3-5 postrostrals; 2-5 postmentals; dorsals small, granular, flattened; median dorsals not abruptly enlarged; supradigital scales multicarinate; ventrals much larger than dorsals, smooth, cycloid; tail compressed, verticillate, 4 median dorsals/verticil. Dorsum medium brown; flank stripe poorly indicated or absent; dumbbells in males poorly expressed at their lateral expansions, rarely complete across dorsum; a black postocular blotch invariably present; venter cream to tannish; throat white to grayish, lineate black in females; dewlap basically red but at times with pink marbling, or basally dark reddish with a red or orange-red suffusion peripherally, or rich red streaked with black, or purplish to bluish centrally; females with edge of vestigial dewlap distinctly red to reddish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 296). 
EtymologyNamed for Professor Eugenio de Jesus Marcano F. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Kahrl, Ariel F.; Brittney M. Ivanov, Katharina C. Wollenberg Valero, and Michele A. Johnson 2018. Ecomorphological Variation in Three Species of Cybotoid Anoles. Herpetologica 74 (1): 29-37. - get paper here
  • Losos, J.B. 1985. Male aggressive behavior in a pair of sympatric sibling species. Breviora (484): 1-30 - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1989. A review of the Cybotoid Anoles (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 78: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Webster, T. Preston 1975. An Electrophoretic comparison of the Hispaniolan lizards Anolis cybotes and A. marcanoi. Breviora (431): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. 1975. Anolis marcanoi new species: sibling to Anolis cybotes: description and field evidence. Breviora (430):1-9. - get paper here
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