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Anolis maynardii GARMAN, 1888

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Maynard's Anole 
SynonymAnolis maynardii GARMAN 1888:107
Anolis maynardi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 300
Anolis maynardi — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis maynardi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis maynardi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCayman Islands

Type locality: Little Cayman Island, Cayman Islands.  
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 6227. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 76 mm, in females to 48 mm); snout elongate (40% SVL) and pincer-like; 2-3 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 2; 1 scale between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 6 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; supradigital scales smooth; dorsals rather large, slightly keeled, not enlarged middorsally; ventrals larger, slightly keeled, imbricate; tail round, verticillate, 4 scales dorsally, 3 ventrally/verticil; tail 90% longer than body in males, over 100% longer in females; limbs with keeled scales anteriorly_ Dorsum (males) green to ocher, pale turquoise, gray, tan, or brown (in metachrosis); a light line from labials to shoulder; a broken, dark line from eye and another from near occiput to shoulder; when excited or stressed become ocher with longitudinal pale blue lines from head onto body; venter pale green to gray; dorsum (females) usually brown; sides marbled with lighter pigment; dewlap pale peach with gray scales (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 300). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Charles Johnson Maynard (1845-1929), zoologist, ornithologist, and lepidopterist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1888. Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and from the Bahamas. Collected by Prof. C. J. Maynard for the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Bull. Essex Inst. 20: 101-113 - get paper here
  • Glor, Richard E.; Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2005. Out of Cuba: Overwater Dispersal and Speciation among Lizards in the Anolis carolinensis Subgroup. Molecular Ecology 14: 2419-2432 - get paper here
  • Herrel, Anthony; Matt DaCosta Cottam, Kristan Godbeer, Thomas Sanger, and Jonathan B. Losos 2011. An Ecomorphological Analysis of Native and Introduced Populations of the Endemic Lizard Anolis maynardi of the Cayman Islands. Breviora (522): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
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