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Anolis monensis STEJNEGER, 1904

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mona Anole 
SynonymAnolis monensis STEJNEGER 1904: 646
Anolis monensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 303
Anolis monensis — BRANDLEY & DE QUEIROZ 2004
Anolis monesis — EZAZ et al. 2009 (in error)
Ctenonotus monensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus monensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionIsla Mona (Puerto Rico Bank)

Type locality: Isla Mona.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 29387. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 57 mm, in females to 57 mm); 5-7
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0; 1-2 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 4-7 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; suboculars in broad contact with supralabials; dorsals small, juxtaposed, gradually diminishing from midline; lateral scales granular; ventrals imbricate, smooth; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail compressed, in male with very high caudal fin supported by "rays." Dorsum very pale gray with a distinct, dusky interocular bar; a distinct white line from shoulder to groin; lower sides and lower face white or whitish; venter yellow; dewlap yellow to orange (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 303). 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Rivero, 1978.
Ecomorph class: trunk-ground.

Species group: Ctenonotus cristatellus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Brandley, M.C. & De Queiroz, K. 2004. Phylogeny, ecomorphological evolution, and historical biogeography of the Anolis cristatellus series. Herpetological Monographs 18: 90-126 - get paper here
  • Ezaz, T. et al. 2009. Sex Chromosome Evolution in Lizards: Independent Origins and Rapid Transitions. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 249-260 - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C.;Thomas, Richard;Atkins, Leonard 1968. Intra- and interspecific chromosome variation in the lizard Anolis cristatellus and its closest relatives. Breviora (293): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Gorman,G.C. & Stamm,B. 1975. The Anolis lizards of Mona, Redonda, and La Blanquilla: chromosomes, relationships, and natural history notes. Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 197-205 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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