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Anolis monticola SHREVE, 1936

IUCN Red List - Anolis monticola - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis monticola monticola SHREVE 1936
Anolis monticola quadrisartus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1967 
Common NamesE: La Hotte Bush Anole, Foothill Anole 
SynonymAnolis monticola SHREVE 1936: 93
Anolis monticola — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1967: 11
Anolis monticola — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 304
Anolis monticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx monticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx monticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis monticola monticola SHREVE 1936
Deiroptyx monticola monticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx monticola monticola — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis monticola quadrisartus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1967: 17
Deiroptyx monticola quadrisarta — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx monticola quadrisarta — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti: Monts Cartaches, Massif de la Hotte, elevation from about 1300 ft. to 4600 ft.)

monticola: extreme distal portion of Tiburon Peninsula, on northern and western Massif de la Hotte and Monts Cartaches. Type locality: Northern and eastern foothills, Massif de la Hotte (= Pic Macaya), [elevation] 1000 ft. to 4000 ft., Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.

quadrisartus: southern and eastern Massif de la Hotte.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 38296
Holotype: MCZ 62998 [quadrisartus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL to 48 mm in males, to 39 mm in females); 6-9 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 2-4 (mode 3); 3-6 (mode 4) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; scales in frontal depression numerous, elongate, keeled; 5 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; suboculars not in contact with supralabials; dorsal scales granular, middorsal 2-3 rows enlarged, keeled, raised into ridge; ventral scales keeled, much larger than dorsals, in transverse rows, imbricate, mucronate; supradigital scales multicarinate; dewlap vestigial, indicated by a slight, longitudinal fold, scales small, keeled. Dorsum (males) dull, greenish yellow middorsally, sides brighter yellow-green, yellow- brown, or pale translucent green; dark dorsal saddles (4 between fore- and hindlimbs) continue diagonally and posteriorly below middorsal zone, much invaded by light color, this giving them at times a longitudinally split appearance; a pair of large, black, light-centered ocelli on nape, as well as a second pair of similar ocelli on the neck (by subspecies); labials and sides of neck with indistinct, pastel blue to blue-green stripe; venter faintly greenish yellow; throat blue to blue-green, yellowish centrally; chin blue to blue-green; limbs greenish yellow with some brown suffusion and banding; tips of digits, palmar and plantar surfaces black; dorsum (females) duller than males, with a simple, zonate pattern of brown, straight-edged or undulate and scalloped (by subspecies), middorsal zone-sides dark; dewlap yellow to reddish orange or blue to light yellowish green (by subspecies) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 304). 
CommentFor illustrations see Williams, 1962 a; Thomas and Schwartz, 1967.

Species group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyThe species name, ‘monticola’, is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the mountains’ (Latin “colere” = inhabiting). 
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Shreve, B. 1936. A new Anolis and new Amphibia from Haiti. Proc. New England Zool. Club 15: 93-99.
  • Thomas, R. and A. Schwartz. 1967. The monticola group of the lizard genus Anolis in Hispaniola. Breviora (261):1-27. - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. 1962. Notes on the herpetology of Hispaniola 7. New material of two poorly known anoles: Anolis monticola Shreve and Anolis christophei Williams. Breviora (164):1-11. - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. and T. P. Webster. 1974. Anolis rupinae new species, a syntopic sibling of A. monticola Shreve. Breviora (429): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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