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Anolis nasofrontalis AMARAL, 1933

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Nose Anole
Portuguese: Calanguinho, Papa-Vento 
SynonymAnolis nasofrontalis AMARAL 1933: 58
Anolis nasofrontalis — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 61
Dactyloa nasofrontalis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis nasofrontalis — PRATES et al. 2017
Dactyloa nasofrontalis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Anolis nasofrontalis — PRATES et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo)

Type locality: Espirito Santo, Brazil  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 440 (was: Museu Paulista 440) 
DiagnosisComparisons (traits of taxa compared to Anolis nasofrontalis in parentheses): A. nasofrontalis can be distinguished from A. fuscoauratus, A. ortonii, and A. punctatus by 95–104 scales around mid-body (A. fuscoauratus: 124–157; A. ortonii: 123–180; A. punctatus: 132–167), smooth dorsals (weakly keeled), and smooth snout scales between nostrils (keeled). Anolis nasofrontalis further differs from A. fuscoauratus and A. punctatus by a lichenous dorsal body coloration (A. fuscoauratus: brown or gray; A. punctatus: green, often with white spots), supraorbital semicircles in contact (separated by granular scales) and well-developed dewlap in females (vestigial). Anolis nasofrontalis can be distinguished from A. pseudotigrinus by about five to seven rows of gorgetal-sternal dewlap scales (12–14), 78–89 dorsals (87–98) and 66–73 ventrals (79–90) between axilla and groin, 95–104 scales around mid-body (106–118), and a small light orange dewlap in females (large white dewlap). Anolis nasofrontalis can be further distinguished from A. pseudotigrinus and A. punctatus by a blunt snout (pointed). (Prates et al. 2017). 
CommentSpecies groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). Prates et al. 2019 proposed the “Anolis/Dactyloa nasofrontalis series” as a new clade name for the largest crown clade that includes A. nasofrontalis and excludes A. aequatorialis Werner, 1894, A. latifrons Berthold, 1846, A. heterodermus Duméril, 1851, A. punctatus, and A. roquet (Bonnaterre, 1789). See Fig. 3 for the phylogeny in Prates et al. 2019. Composition. A. nasofrontalis, A. neglectus, A. pseudotigrinus, A. dissimilis, A. neblininus, A. lososi, A. williamsmittermeierorum, Anolis sp. “R” (Poe et al., 2015), A. hyacinthogularis, A. calimae, A. carlostoddi (Williams, Pradero, Gorzula, 1996), and A. bellipeniculus (Myers and Donnelly, 1996). This clade has previously been called the neblininus species series (Prates et al., 2017) based on the neblininus group of Williams, Praderio, Gorzula (1996).
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Prates I, Melo-Sampaio PR, Drummond LO, Teixeira Jr M, Rodrigues MT, Carnaval AC. 2017. Biogeographic links between southern Atlantic Forest and western South America: rediscovery, redescription, and phylogenetic relationships of two rare montane anole lizards from Brazil. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, available online 11 May 2017 - get paper here
  • Prates, Ivan; Paulo Roberto Melo-Sampaio, Kevin de Queiroz, Ana Carolina Carnaval, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Leandro de Oliveira Drummond 2019. Discovery of a new species of Anolis lizards from Brazil and its implications for the historical biogeography of montane Atlantic Forest endemics. Amphibia-Reptilia 41 (1): 87-103 [2020] - get paper here
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