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Anolis nebuloides BOCOURT, 1873

IUCN Red List - Anolis nebuloides - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: False Clouded Anole
S: Falso Abaniquillo Nebulosa 
SynonymAnolis nebuloides BOCOURT 1873: 74
Anolis nebuloides — BOULENGER 1885: 77
Anolis nebuloides — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 66
Anolis simmonsi HOLMAN 1964: 52
Norops simmonsi — LINER 1994
Norops nebuloides — LINER 1994
Norops nebuloides — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops simmonsi — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis simmonsi — LINER 2007
Anolis nebuloides — LINER 2007
Anolis simmonsi — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008: 44
Norops simmonsi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops nebuloides — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis nebuloides — KÖHLER et al. 2014: 61
Norops nebuloides — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: Putla, Oaxaca.

simmonsi: Mexico (Oaxaca); Type locality: Mexico: Rio Canoa, 16.25 mi W Pinotepec National, Oaxaca; W. Hill, A. Holman, and R. Altig; December 25, 1962.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 2494, MNHN-RA 2494A, MNHN-RA 2494B and MNHN-RA 2494C (4 specimens)
Holotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 52899, male [simmonsi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small species (SVL in largest male 46.0 mm, largest female 43.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. megapholidotus, A. nietoi, A. stevepoei, and A. zapotecorum by having a combination of (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 10–12 rows of greatly enlarged dorsal scales that are larger than ventral scales; (4) short hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to posterior margin of eye, occasionally to a point between levels of ear opening and eye or to mideye (to ear opening in single female), ratio shank length/SVL 0.24–0.29; (5) circumnasal usually in contact with first supralabial; and (6) a large pinkish red dewlap in males and a very small pink dewlap in females (Fig. 45). Anolis nebuloides differs from A. stevepoei, and A. zapotecorum by having (1) a rather abrupt transition between the enlarged dorsal scales and lateral body scales (vs. a more gradual transition over 3 to 4 scales); (2) the edges of the field of enlarged dorsal scale rows well defined and in a more or less straight line (vs. the edges of this field forming an undulating line due to single enlarged scales or groups thereof outside the main field) (3) and by having a more reddish male dewlap (vs. pink). Anolis nebuloides differs from A. megapholidotus and A. nietoi in the ranges and average values of several morphometric and pholidotic characters, most obvious in (1) number of middorsal scales in one head length; and (2) number of subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV (see Table 8 in KÖHLER et al. 2014). 
CommentSynonymy: partly after NIETO MONTES DE OCA 2013.

Distribution: reports from Chihuahua, Sonora, Colima, Puebla, or Guerrero are referring to other species. Reports from Guerrero are probably A. nietoi (R. Palacios-Aguilar, pers. comm., 1 June 2018)

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Bocourt, M. E. 1873. In: A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv; In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Ce Imprimerie Impériale, Paris, Livr. 2-15, pp. 33-860. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Fitch H S 1978. Two new anoles (Reptilia: Iguanidae) from Oaxaca with comments on other Mexican species. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (No. 20) 1978: 1-15
  • Fugler, Charles M.;Dixon, James R. 1961. Notes on the herpetofauna of the El Dorado Area of Sinaloa, Mexico. Publications of the Museum, Michigan State University, Biological Series 2 (1): 1-24
  • Holman, J. A. 1964. New and interesting amphibians and reptiles from Guerrero and Oaxaca, Mexico. Herpetologica 20 (1): 48-54 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Nicholson KE, C. Guyer, and JG Phillips 2017. Biogeographic Origin of Mainland Norops (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (eds. Crother and Parenti), pp. 169–184
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • NIETO MONTES DE OCA, ADRIÁN, STEVEN POE, SIMON SCARPETTA, LEVI GRAY & CARL S. LIEB 2013. Synonyms for some species of Mexican anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3637 (4): 484–492 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1968. Two new lizards, one new, of the genus Anolis from Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 2: 143-146 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1939. Notes on Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 24 (4): 15-35 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. 1933. Notes on some Mexican lizards of the genus Anolis with the description of a new species, A. megapholidotus. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 36: 318-320 [1934?] - get paper here
  • Zweifel,R.G. and Norris,K.S. 1955. Contributions to the herpetology of Sonora, Mexico:Descriptions of new subspecies of snakes (Micruroides euryxanthus and Lampropeltis getulus) and miscellaneous collecting notes. American Midland Naturalist 54: 230-249 - get paper here
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