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Anolis noblei BARBOUR & SHREVE, 1935

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Oriente Giant Anole, Holguin Anole 
SynonymAnolis equestris noblei BARBOUR & SHREVE 1935: 250
Anolis equestris galeifer SCHWARTZ 1964: 409
Anolis noblei galeifer — GARRIDO 1981: 13
Anolis noblei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 305
Anolis noblei — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 195
Anolis noblei — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx noblei — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx noblei — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Cuba

noblei: Sierra de Nipe and Cupeyal. Type locality: Sierra de Nipe, Holguin Province, Cuba.

galeifer: Sierra Maestra and Sierra de la Gran Piedra; Type locality: Prov. Oriente, Cuba, paratype locality: Mountains near Guisa, Prov. Oriente, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 26653
Holotype: MCZ 59326; leg. D. THUMB 1936, ded. ROSENBERG Feb. 12, 1941: 1; paratype ZMH R04109 (formerly no. 5936). Mountains near Guisa, Prov. Oriente, Cuba, leg. D. THUMB Okt. 1936, ded. Nov. 1936: 4 paratypes R04110-R04113 (formerly no. 5241) [galeifer] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 190 mm, in females to 156 mm);moderate number (18-26) vertical dorsal scales. Axillary stripe yellow; upper and lower jaws green with pale postIabial bar prominent, at times including (rarely) or lying above (usually) auricular opening; tail without broad, transverse bands; canthus pale or dark; occasionally with an occipital figure; dorsum often with scattered, pale dots or without spotting; casque pale green with black in sutures; canthus and supraciliaries pale cream; some cream on occiput; postorbital protuberances pale, bounded below by a well-delimited, green blotch, which is in turn bounded below by bold, pale green postlabial bar; throat suffused with dark brown-green; thighs with a series of fine, pale, transverse lines; neck marbled dark gray-green and cream; a pair of pale elongate paramedian spots on neck; dewlap pink (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 305). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz, 1964; Schwartz and Garrido, 1972.

Species group: Deiroptyx equestris species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. and B. Shreve. 1935. Notes on Cuban anoles. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 249-253.
  • Garrido, Orlando H. 1981. Nueva subespecie de Anolis equestris (Sauria: Iguanidae) para Cuba, con comentarios sobre la distribución y afinidades de otras poblaciones del complejo. Poeyana (232): 1-15
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1964. Anolis equestris in Oriente Province, Cuba. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 131: 405-428. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Garrido, O.H. 1972. The lizards of the Anolis equestris complex in Cuba. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 39 (134):1-86. - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P. & Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruiksaanwijzing voor een van de meest interssante gropen terrariumdiern:Anolissen ´Deel II: het terrarium. Lacerta 61 (4): 144-153 - get paper here
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