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Anolis onca (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1875)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bulky Anole 
SynonymNorops onca O’SHAUGHNESSY 1875
Tropidodactylus onca — BOULENGER 1885: 97
Tropidodactylus onca — BURT 1942
Tropidodactylus onca — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 263
Tropidodactylus onca — COLLINS 1971
Anolis onca — WILLIAMS 1974
Anolis onca — SÄNCHEZ et al. 1995: 321
Norops onca — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops onca — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops onca — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionColombia (Peninsula de la Guajira)
N Venezuela, Margarita I, La Tortuga Island

Type locality: Venezuela, and Island of Dominica.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentHabitat: sandy terrestrial.

One of the few anole species that lacks the subdigital lamellae and adapted to a sandy terrestrial life.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Bernal Carlo A. & Roze J A. 2005. Lizards of the genus Anolis (Reptilia: Polychrotidae) from Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with description of two new species. Novedades Colombianas Nueva Epoca 8(1): 9-26 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1942. Lizards from the Goajira Peninsula, Colombia. Copeia 1942 (4): 263 - get paper here
  • Clark, H.O., Jr. 2011. Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) predation on a Pacific Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer catenifer). Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (11):117-118. - get paper here
  • Collins, James P. 1971. Ecological observations on a little known South American anole: Tropidodactylus onca. Breviora (370): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Condon, P. 2005. Parasites on a Tiger Rattlesnake (Crotalus tigris). Sonoran Herpetologist 18 (5):55. - get paper here
  • Costa Silva, Pedro da and Robert W. Henderson. 2013. Predation on a Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica) by an Amazon Treeboa (Corallus hortulanus) on Ilha Grande, Piauí, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 233-234. - get paper here
  • Enderson, E.F. 2000. Notes on a swimming Banded Sand Snake (Chilomeniscus cinctus). Sonoran Herpetologist 13 (10):115. - get paper here
  • Figueiredo-de-Andrade, Caio A. and Gabriel Munay Kindlovits. 2012. Predation on an egg clutch of Phyllomedusa rohdei Mertens, 1926 by the water snake Liophis miliaris (Linnaeus, 1758). Herpetology Notes 6: 259-260 - get paper here
  • Figueiredo-de-Andrade, Caio A., Ruby A. Montoya-Ospina, Júlio Cesar Voltolini and Carlos R. Ruiz-Miranda. 2011. Population biology and behaviour of the alien species Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) on a restored wetland in Puerto Rico. Herpetology Notes 4: 445-451 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, James A. 2011. Predation on a Blotched Bluetongue Lizard (Tiliqua nigrolutea) by a Highlands Copperhead (Austrelaps ramsayi) in the Blue Mountains, Australia. Herpetology Notes 4: 259-260. - get paper here
  • Flowers, Robert D. and Malcolm L. McCallum. 2012. Probable fire ant predation on a broadhead skink, Plestiodon laticeps. Herpetology Notes 6: 1-3. - get paper here
  • Gunn, J. 2011. Long-nosed Leopard Lizard predation on a Coachwhip. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (8):76. - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Herse, Mark R. and Julie M. Ray. 2014. A review and correction of data on a poorly known leaf litter snake, Trimetopon slevini (Dunn, 1940), from Panama, including additional data on defensive behaviours. Herpetology Notes 7: 359-361 - get paper here
  • Hoser, Raymond T. 1992. Notes on a captive Scrub python Morelia amethistina kinghorni. Litteratura Serpentium 12 (4): 78-84 - get paper here
  • Hummelinck, P. W. 1940. Studies on the fauna of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and the Venezuelan Islands: No. 2. A survey of the mammals, lizards and mollusks. ['Gymnophthalmus laevicaudus: 80]. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 1:59—108
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Raúl Gómez Trejo Pérez, Marcos García Pareja, Claus Bo P. Petersen and Fausto R. Méndez de la Cruz. 2013. Notes on Anolis omiltemanus Davis, 1954 (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae). Herpetology Notes 6: 401-412. - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Narvaez, Elizabeth; Andres Marmol, Adriana Argoti 2019. Blow fly infestation on Anolis parvauritus: Notes of the effects of myasis on lizard’s behaviour Andrea. Herpetology Notes 12: 847-852 - get paper here
  • Nicholson KE, C. Guyer, and JG Phillips 2017. Biogeographic Origin of Mainland Norops (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (eds. Crother and Parenti), pp. 169–184
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Po-Kai Chiu, Hsien-Pin Chu and Jean-Jay Mao. 2011. An instance of predation on a brown anole (Anolis sagrei Duméril & Bibron, 1837) by a Malay night heron (Gorsachius melanolophus Swinhoe, 1865). Herpetology Notes 4: 5-7. - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Richard G. Robbins, Gennady Kolonin, Pei-Jung Shiao, Jean-Jay Mao. 2009. Unintentional transport of ticks into Taiwan on a king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah). Herpetology Notes 2: 203-206. - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1875. List and revision of the species of Anolidae in the British Museum collection, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 15: 270-281 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Peterson, J. A.;Williams, Ernest E. 1981. A case history in retrograde evolution: the onca lineage in Anoline lizards. II. Subdigital fine structure. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 149 (4): 215-268 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Reissig, Jens 2018. Shark predation record on a Green Turtle, Chelonia mydas (LINNAEUS, 1758), in South African waters. Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 113 - 116 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, J.C., T.J. Tibbitts, S.J. Sferra, and M.J. Sredl. 2016. Attempted predation on a Green Ratsnake (Senticolis triaspis) by Mexican Jays (Aphelocoma wollweberi). Sonoran Herpetologist 29 (4):56-57. - get paper here
  • Sánchez-C, H., O. V. Castaño-M, and G. Cárdenas-A. 1995. Diversidad de los Reptiles en Colombia. In: Rangel-C, J. O., editor. Colombia Diversidad Biótica I Bogotá. Colombia Editorial Guadalupe. pp.<br />227–325.
  • Silva, Anslem de; A. Sivaruban, Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela, Arne R. Rasmussen and Kate L. Sanders. 2011. First record of a sea snake (Lapemis curtus) feeding on a Gastropod. Herpetology Notes 4: 373-375 - get paper here
  • Velo-Antón, Guillermo and Adolfo Cordero-Rivera. 2011. Predation by invasive mammals on an insular viviparous population of Salamandra salamandra. Herpetology Notes 4: 299-301 - get paper here
  • Williams,E.E. 1974. A case history in retrograde evolution: The onca lineage in anoline lizards. I. Anolis annectens new species, intermediate between the genera Anolis and Tropidodactylus. Breviora (421): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Wu, Jin-Hsiang; Gerrut Norval, and Jean-Jay Mao. 2009. An instance of predation on a Stejneger’s grass lizard (Takydromus stejnegeri) by a house cat (Felis catus) in an urban setting in Yunlin County, Taiwan. Herpetology Notes 2: 247-248. - get paper here
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