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Anolis ophiolepis COPE, 1861

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Five-striped grass anole, Snakescale Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Dracontura) ophiolepis COPE 1861: 211
Norops ophiolepis — BOULENGER 1885: 96
Anolis ophiolepis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 312
Anolis ophiolepis — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 376
Norops ophiolepis — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis ophiolepis — FLASCHENDRÄGER 2002
Norops ophiolepis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops ophiolepis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba, Isla de la Juventud

Type locality: Monte Verde, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: Unlocated. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 35 mm, in females to 30 mm); about
3-4 very irregular rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 2-3; 3-4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; head scales distinctly elongate, longer than wide, all heavily keeled; canthus rostralis composed of 2 scales, anteriormost the longer; 5-6 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; middorsal zone of about 21 rows of enlarged, imbricate, lanceolate, keeled scales; lateral scales much smaller, keeled, imbricate; ventrals keeled, pointed, imbricate, much smaller than largest dorsals, in longitudinal and diagonal rows; limb scales, including supradigital scales, multicarinate; tail laterally compressed, nonverticillate. Dorsum brown, with 5 longitudinal stripes-mid-dorsal (light brown to reddish brown), 2 paravertebral (white to yellow), 2 lateral (white to yellow); upper lateral stripes often broken into a series of squares by narrow and faint crossbars; at times with a bluish lateral coloration; dewlap very small, covered with large, keeled scales, pink to red (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 312). 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour and Ramsden, 1919, Flaschendräger 2002.

Species group: Norops sagrei species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Bleisch, M. 2009. Nachzucht und Haltung von Anolis ophiolepis COPE, 1861. Elaphe 17 (2): 16-21
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of anoles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 208-215. - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, A. 2002. Beobachtungen an Anolis-Arten in der Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Provinz Pinar del Río, West-Kuba. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Fläschendräger, Axel 2017. Beobachtungen an einigen Anolis-Arten im westlichen Kuba. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (5): 52-63 - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • WERNING, Heiko 2012. Im Bad mit Anolis – ein Besuch bei Uwe Bartelt. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 88-92 - get paper here
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