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Anolis orcesi (LAZELL, 1969)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Orces' Andes Anole 
SynonymPhenacosaurus orcesi LAZELL 1969: 14
Phenacosaurus orcesi — WILLIAMS & MITTERMEIER 1991
Anolis orcesi — POE 1998
Phenacosaurus orcesi — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001
Dactyloa orcesi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa orcesi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionEcuador (Napo)

Type locality: Ecuador, Napo, Mt. Sumaco  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 38937; paraype: USNM 16533 
CommentPopulations of this species have been redescribed as Anolis williamsmittermeierorum POE & YAÑEZ-MIRANDA 2007. Reports from Peru (WILLIAMS & MITTERMEIER 1991) may be based on the latter species.

Distribution: Probably in Colombia although there are no published records [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)]

Species groups: Dactyloa heteroderma species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Gustavo Orces (1902-1999), a zoologist and herpetologist who worked at the Polytechnic, Quito and who had a large snake collection that he made available to other researchers (now at the Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orces at Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales, Quito. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D., Jr. 1969. The genus Phenacosaurus (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (325): 1-24 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe S, Anderson CG. 2019. The existence and evolution of morphotypes in Anolis lizards: coexistence patterns, not adaptive radiations, distinguish mainland and island faunas. PeerJ 6: e6040 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven 1998. Skull characters and the cladistic relationships of the Hispaniolan dwarf twig Anolis. Herpetological Monographs 12: 192-236 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2001. Lizards of Ecuador: Checklist, Distribution, and Systematic References. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (131): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E. & Mittermeier, Russell A. 1991. A peruvian phenacosaur (Squamata: Iguania). Breviora (492): 1-16 - get paper here
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