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Anolis paternus HARDY, 1967

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis paternus paternus HARDY 1967
Anolis paternus pinarensis GARRIDO 1975 
Common NamesE: Ashy Bush Anole, Nueva Gerona Anole 
SynonymAnolis angusticeps paternus HARDY 1967: 25
Anolis paternus — GARRIDO 1975: 7
Anolis paternus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 313
Anolis paternus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 232
Anolis paternus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis paternus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis paternus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis paternus pinarensis GARRIDO 1975
Anolis paternus pinarensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis paternus pinarensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba, Isla de la Juventud

Anolis paternus paternus: Isla de la Juventud. Type locality: Vicinity of Nueva Gerona, Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

pinarensis: western Cuba. Tera typica: 5 km from Ciudad Sandino, Guane, Pinar del Río province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 142156.
Holotype: CZACC = IZ 4073 [pinarensis] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 50 mm, in females to 46 mm); total
loreals 19-32; scales between supraorbitals 0; 0-1 scale between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 7-9 postrostrals; 5-8 (strongly modally 6) postmentals; head scales rugose or striate in males, usually smooth in females; dorsals and laterals granular, equal, smooth; ventrals keeled; tail round in cross section, 3-5 middorsal scales in 10th caudal verticil. Dorsum (pale phase) generally ashy gray, at times with dorsal pattern; tail banded; dorsum (dark phase) dark brown, very vermiculate in area of mouth, neck, sides, upper surfaces of fore- and hindlimbs, lower jaw; hindlimbs and venter dotted, dark brown; female (dark phase) generally dark brown, flanks and sides of tail base transversely vermiculate; venter laterally pinkish brown, grading to yellow and then white midventrally, forming a mid-ventral white line from posterior throat to hindlimbs; eyelids oaten in color; dorsal markings in general not apparent; venter yellow; dewlap pink to pale orange (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 313). 
CommentFor illustrations see Hardy, 1967. Note that the actual publication says 1966 but SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 list it as Hardy 1967.

Species group: Anolis angusticeps species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Garrido, O.H. 1975. Variación de Anolis angusticeps Hallowell (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) en el occidente de Cuba y en Isla de Pinos. Poeyana (144):1-1 8.
  • Hardy, J. D. 1967. Geographic variation in the West Indian lizard, Anolis angusticeps, with the description of a new form, Anolis angusticeps paternus, subsp. nov., from the Isle of Pines, Cuba (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Carib. J. Sci. 6: 23-31 [1966]
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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