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Anolis porcatus GRAY, 1840

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis porcatus aracelyae PEREZ-BEATO 1996
Anolis porcatus porcatus GRAY 1840 
Common NamesE: Cuban Green Anole 
SynonymAnolis porcatus GRAY 1840: 112
Anolis carolinensis porcatus — GRAY 1845: 201
Anolis principalis porcatus — COPE 1887: 437
Anolis porcatus — BARBOUR 1904: 57
Anolis carolinensis porcatus — SCHWARTZ & OGREN 1956
Anolis porcatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 317
Anolis porcatus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 207
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis porcatus aracelyae PEREZ-BEATO 1996
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — FLASCHENDRÄGER 2002
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionUSA (introduced to Florida),
Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Hispaniola: Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo)

aracelyae: Cuba; Type locality: town of Santa Damiana, 3.5 km NE of San Juan y Martínez municipality, Pinar del Río Province

Type locality: Cuba.

Introduced to Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain (M. Lopez-Darias, Anole Annals July 20, 2016) and Brazil (São Paulo) (Prates et al. 2016), and Aruba (Behm et al. 2022)  
Reproductionoviparous.<br /><br />Hybridization: Anolis porcatus appears to hybridize with A. carolinensis in Florida (T. Hagey, Anole Annals 2016). 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.7, BMNH 1946.8.12.66-.70; first-listed syntype from "Texas."
Holotype: MNHNCu 1445 [aracelyae] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 73 mm, in females to 51 mm); 3-4 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1; 1-2 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; scales behind interparietal grade gradually into dorsals; auricular opening circular, not lying in a longitudinally elongate depression (pinar del Rio lizards may have V-shaped posterior margin to auricular opening); dorsals slightly keeled, slightly imbricate; ventrals faintly keeled, slightly imbricate, in transverse and diagonal rows; tail long, round, slightly depressed at base, weakly verticillate with 4 scales/verticil; supradigital scales multicarinate. Dorsum bright green to dark brown in metachrosis, sexually dichromatic in pattern; males green, brown, gray, light green, yellow-green, often with dark variegations on body and with scattered white scales on neck or entire body; a dark shoulder patch present or absent; with or without a light vertebral stripe, bordered by brown stripe on each side; females with more or less same ground colors as males, at times with white scales on sides, or with a light, middorsal (brownish in Pinar del Rio) stripe bordered by darker pigment; dewlap reddish to mauve (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 317). 
CommentDistribution: Western Cuban populations of A. porcatus are actually A. carolinensis (Wegener et al, 2019). Eastern Cuban populations remain A. porcatus but are actually more closely related to A. allisoni than A. carolinensis.

For illustrations see Ruibal and Williams, 1961; Vogel, 1965; Peters and Schubert, 1968.

Synonymy: Listed as synonym of A. carolinensis by BOULENGER 1885. A. porcatus and A. carolinensis are morphologically indistinguishable. See also Wegener et al. 2019 and Mayer & Lazell 2021 for further discussion.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
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  • Armas, Luis F. de 2020. Nectar-feeding on Lueddemann’s Cattleya, Cattleya lueddemanniana (Orchidaceae), by the Cuban Green Anole, Anolis porcatus (Squamata: Dactyloidae). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 239-241 - get paper here
  • Armas, Luis F. de 2021. Sleep-site Fidelity in Cuban Green Anoles, Anolis porcatus Gray 1840 (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (2): 245-247
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