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Anolis pseudopachypus KÖHLER, PONCE, SUNYER & BATISTA, 2007

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis pseudopachypus KÖHLER, PONCE, SUNYER & BATISTA 2007
Anolis pseudopachypus — LOTZKAT et al. 2010
Norops pseudopachypus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops pseudopachypus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionWC Panama (Serranía de Tabasará)

Type locality: La Nevera, [corrected by LOTZKAT et al. 2010 to] 8° 30’ N, 81° 46’ 20’’ W, Serranía de Tabasará, 1600 m elevation, Comarca Ngöbe Bugle, Distrito de Nole Düima, Corregimiento de Jadeberi, Panama.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 85153 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A medium-sized species (snout–vent length [SVL] in largest specimen 48.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe, 2004) that is most similar in external morphology to Anolis pachypus and A. tropidolepis both of which also have more than 5 complete scale rows between supraorbital semicircles, no enlarged postanal scales in males, usually an indication of a lyreform marking in the occipital region, and weakly keeled ventrals at midbody. Anolis pseudopachypus differs from A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis by male dewlap coloration (A. pachypus: red orange with central yellow blotch; A. pseudopachypus: uniform orange yellow; A. tropidolepis: uniform purple red) and by its longer hind legs (ratio shank length / SVL 0.21–0.29, mean 0.25, in A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis versus 0.28–0.31, mean 0.30, in A. pseudopachypus). Anolis pseudopachypus differs further from A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis in several scalation characteristics including its tiny head scales and ill-defined supraorbital semicircles (semicircles well-developed in A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis), number of scales between interparietal scale and supraorbital semicircles (A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis: usually 6 or less; A. pseudopachypus: usually 7 or more); and number of scales between second canthals (A. pachypus and A. tropidolepis: usually 15 or less; A. pseudopachypus: usually 16 or more). 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
Etymologynamed after its close relationship to A. pachypus. 
  • Köhler, Gunther; Marcos Ponce, Javier Sunyer, and Abel Batista 2007. FOUR NEW SPECIES OF ANOLES (GENUS ANOLIS) FROM THE SERRANÍA DE TABASARÁ, WEST-CENTRAL PANAMA (SQUAMATA: POLYCHROTIDAE). Herpetologica 63 (3): 375-391 - get paper here
  • Lotzkat, S., J. Köhler, A. Hertz & G. Köhler 2010. Morphology and colouration of male Anolis datzorum (Squamata: Polychrotidae). Salamandra 46 (1): 48-52 - get paper here
  • LOTZKAT, SEBASTIAN; JOE-FELIX BIENENTREU,, ANDREAS HERTZ, & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2011. A new species of Anolis (Squamata: Iguania: Dactyloidae) formerly referred to as A. pachypus from the Cordillera de Talamanca of western Panama and adjacent Costa Rica. Zootaxa 3125: 1–21 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
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