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Anolis pseudotigrinus AMARAL, 1933

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: False Tiger Anole
Portuguese: Calanguinho, Papa-vento 
SynonymAnolis pseudotigrinus AMARAL 1933: 60
Anolis pseudotigrinus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 64
Dactyloa pseudotigrina — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis pseudotigrinus — PRATES et al. 2017
Dactyloa pseudotigrina — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Anolis pseudotigrinus — PRATES et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo)

Type locality: Region of Rio Doce, Espirito Santo, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 721.B (was Museu Paulista 721 B, female) 
DiagnosisComparisons (traits of taxa compared to Anolis pseudotigrinus in parentheses): Anolis pseudotigrinus can be distinguished from A. fuscoauratus, A. ortonii, and A. punctatus by a lichenous dorsal body coloration with green background (A. fuscoauratus: brown or gray; A. ortonii: marmorated with brown, gray and black; A. punctatus: green, often with white spots), 106–118 scales around mid-body (A. fuscoauratus: 124–157; A. ortonii: 123–180; A. punctatus: 132–167), smooth dorsals (weakly keeled), and smooth snout scales between nostrils (keeled). Anolis pseudotigrinus further differs from A. fuscoauratus and A. punctatus by supraorbital semicircles in contact (separated by granular scales) and well-developed dewlap in females (vestigial). Anolis pseudotigrinus differs from A. nasofrontalis by about 12–14 rows of gorgetal-sternal dewlap scales (five to seven), 87–98 dorsals (78–89) and 79–90 ventrals (66–73) between axilla and groin, 106–118 scales around mid-body (95–104), and large white dewlap in females (small orange dewlap). Anolis pseudotigrinus can be further distinguished from A. fuscoauratus, A. nasofrontalis, and A. ortonii by a pointed snout (blunt). (Prates et al. 2017). 
CommentSpecies groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Prates I, Melo-Sampaio PR, Drummond LO, Teixeira Jr M, Rodrigues MT, Carnaval AC. 2017. Biogeographic links between southern Atlantic Forest and western South America: rediscovery, redescription, and phylogenetic relationships of two rare montane anole lizards from Brazil. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, available online 11 May 2017 - get paper here
  • Prates, Ivan; Paulo Roberto Melo-Sampaio, Kevin de Queiroz, Ana Carolina Carnaval, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Leandro de Oliveira Drummond 2019. Discovery of a new species of Anolis lizards from Brazil and its implications for the historical biogeography of montane Atlantic Forest endemics. Amphibia-Reptilia 41 (1): 87-103 [2020] - get paper here
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