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Anolis pumilus GARRIDO, 1988

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Cuban Spiny-Plant Anole 
SynonymAnolis pumilus GARRIDO 1988: 46
Anolis argillaceus — COLLETTE 1961: 140
Anolis argillaceus — GARRIDO 1975: 8
Anolis pumilus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 320
Anolis pumilus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 254
Anolis pumilis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis pumilus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba (widely distributed in the central and western portion of the island), Isla de Juventud, Archipiélago de Camaguey (Cayo Las Brujas and Cayo Santa Maria).

Type locality: Bosque de la Habana, Ciudad Habana Prov., Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CZACC (= IZAC = IZ) 4470 (Insituto de Zoologia de la Academia de Ciencias de Cuba) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 33 mm, in females to 36 mm); total loreals 16; scales between supraorbitals 0; 1-3 (mode 2) scales between inter-parietal and supraorbital semicircles; dorsals smooth, small, flat; ventrals smooth, cycloid, in diagonal rows; tail laterally compressed, weakly verticillate; supra-digital scales smooth; 2-4 (mode 4) postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; auricular opening oblong or ovate, without dorsal fold; tailless than 2 x SVL; dewlap relatively small. Dorsum (male) generally whitish gray with poorly defined longitudinal bands, best expressed between auricular opening and shoulder; body mottled, brownish gray on clearer ground; a well-defined chestnut interocular bar as well as another triangular spot above interparietal, followed by a smaller dot on neck; another spot on each side of the axillary band; tail with about 10 darker bands; 2 postsacral dots over base of tail at level of hindlimbs; crura with a well-defined band and about 4 bands on the forelimbs (2 on each limb segment); a peculiar, vermiculate, dark brown design with some terra-cotta on the limbs; venter grayish brown; throat densely dotted with brown, darker than gray ground color; supralabials blotched with dark brown (almost black), these blotches larger and darker beneath eye; loreals and supraorbitals clearer; dewlap peach with white interior scales, to yellowish; iris clear green; dorsum (female) sandy gray; a beige band from interparietal onto tail, black-bordered anteriorly and posteriorly at fore- and hindlimb insertions, brown-bordered centrally; 2 parallel, narrow, brown lateral stripes, the upper wider and better delineated; all limbs vermiculate brown, darker than ground color; an obscure, brownish interocular band, about 4 clear dots between this band and the median band; a pair of yellow ocelli between median band and upper lateral stripe anterior and posterior to auricular opening; throat and venter white with indistinct, scattered, clear brown dots (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 320). 
CommentFor illustrations see Garrido, 1988.

Species group: Anolis loysianus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
References
  • Collette, B.B. 1961. Correlations between ecology and morphology in anoline lizards from Havana, Cuba, and southern Florida. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 125: 135-162 - get paper here
  • Estrada, A.R. 1998. Anfibios y Reptiles Encontrados Durante 1988 y 1989 en Cayo Paredón Grande, Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagüey, Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 34 (1-2): 106-112
  • Garrido, O. H. 1988. Nueva especies para la ciencia de Anolis (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) de Cuba perteneciente al complejo argiliaceus. Donana, Acta Vert. 15: 45-57.
  • Garrido, O.H. 1975. Distribución y variación de Anolis argillaceus Cope (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) en Cuba. Poeyana (142):1-28.
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
 
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