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Anolis pygmaeus ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH, 1956

IUCN Red List - Anolis pygmaeus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Chiapas Pigmy Anole
S: Abaniquillo Pigmeo Chiapaneco 
SynonymAnolis pygmaeus ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 7
Norops pygmaeus — VILLA et al. 1988
Norops pygmaeus — LINER 1994
Norops pygmaeus — KÖHLER 2000: 63
Norops pygmaeus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis pygmaeus — LINER 2007
Norops pygmaeus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops pygmaeus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas)

Type locality: El Ocote, Chiapas, Mexico, 600 m elevation [=[near Ocozocoautla]  
TypesHolotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 37975; M. Alvarez del Toro; April 15, 1955. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. “A small species of the genus Anolis, an adult male measuring 35 mm. snout to vent; dorsal scales distinctly but not strongly keeled, rather broad, with turned-up edges that give the scales a tricari- nate appearance; dorsals distinctly larger than ventrals, about 12 to 1/2 head length (5 mm.); ventrals distinctly but not strongly keeled, about 22 to 1/2 head length; ear opening large, a little larger than interparietal; head scales flat, feebly keeled; supraorbital semicircles separated from each other by two rows of small scales, from interparietal by three rows; six loreal rows; dewlap pale red in life, unspotted; postanals not enlarged.”(Alvarez del Toro 1956)

Color: “A dull ashen brown above, whitish below, without distinct markings save a few conspicuous black flecks on throat lateral and anterior to dewlap.” (Alvarez del Toro 1956) 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Álvarez DEL TORO, M., & SMITH, H. M. 1956. Notulae herpetologicae Chiapasiae. I. Herpetologica 12: 3-17 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Muñoz-Alonso, Luis Antonio; Jorge Nieblas-Camacho,<br />Marina Alba Chau-Cortez, Alondra Berenice González-Navarro, Jaime López-Pérez & Juan Pérez-López 2017. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles en la Reservade la Biosfera Selva El Ocote: su vulnerabilidad ante la fragmentación y el cambio climático. In: Lorena Ruiz-Montoya et al. (eds), Vulnerabilidad social y biológica ante el cambio climático en la Re El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, pp.395-448 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
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