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Anolis ruibali NAVARRO & GARRIDO, 2004

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cabo Cruz Pallid Anole 
SynonymAnolis ruibali NAVARRO & GARRIDO 2004
Anolis ruibali — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis ruibali — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 

Type locality: Alegría de Pio, Niquero, Granma, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MHNH 14:250, an adult male, collected by N. Navarro, C. Peña, and E. Palacio on 25 June 1996 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS. Anolis ruibali is likely to be confused only with Anolis centralis and Anolis litoralis (which was considered a subspecies of Anolis centralis when Anolis ruibali was described). Anolis ruibali is smaller (mean SVL 35.3 mm vs. 38.4 mm for Anolis centralis and 45.5 mm for Anolis litoralis; Garrido 1975), has a rosy or reddish dewlap with small scales (versus intense crimson, sometimes with an orangish cast, and large scales in Anolis centralis and a pale yellow or yellow- orange dewlap with large scales in Anolis litoralis (Garrido 1975; Navarro et al. 2001), and larger postcloacal scales in males (mean = 2.06 ± 0.26 mm in Anolis ruibali vs. mean = 1.73 ± 0.23 mm in Anolis centralis). Anolis ruibali is similar to Anolis pumilus in size, but Anolis pumilus lacks the skin folds above the ears, is stockier, has a shorter rostrum, and the dewlap is yellow-orange. The elongated head of Anolis ruibali distinguishes it from other species in the Anolis argillaceus group, although juveniles often are difficult to differentiate (Powell et al. 2017). 
CommentSpecies group: Anolis loysianus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after the collector, Cuban herpetologist Rodolfo Ruibal (1927-2016), who spent most of his career at UC Riverside. See Lillywhite 2016 for an obituary. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2016. Obituary: Herpetology loses a class act: Rodolfo Ruibal, 1927-2016. Herpetological Review 47 (4): 741-745 - get paper here
  • Navarro Pacheo, N. & Garrido, O.H. 2004. Especie nueva de Anolis (Sauria: Lacertilia: Iguanidae) de la región Suroriental de Cuba. Solenodon 4: 85-90
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., J. Torres, and N. Navarro Pacheco 2017. Anolis ruibali. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (906): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
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