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Anolis shrevei (COCHRAN, 1939)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cordillera Central Stout Anole, Shreve's Anole 
SynonymAudantia shrevei COCHRAN 1939: 2
Audantia shrevei — COCHRAN 1941
Anolis (shrevei) — ETHERIDGE 1960
Anolis shrevei — SCHWARTZ 1968
Anolis shrevei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 341
Anolis shrevei — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Audantia shrevei — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia shrevei — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Dominican Republic: Cordillera Central)

Type locality: Valle Nuevo, in the Cordiblera Central, southeast of Constanza, 6000 ft. to 8000 ft., La Vega Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 44365. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 60 mm, in females to 50 mm); 4-7
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1 (strongly modally 1); 1-3 (mode 2) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 2 - 6 (mode 4) postrostrals; 2-5 (mode 2) postmentals; suboculars separated from supralabials by 0-1 rows of scales with equal frequency; interparietal very small, often not distinguishable from surrounding scales; dorsal scales tuberculate, mixed with very minute granules, 5--6 dorsalmost rows enlarged and notably elongate into keeled imbricate scales; laterals granular, small, not differentiated from dorsals; ventrals imbricate, keeled; tail compressed, faintly verticillate, 3-5 lateral scales/verticil, 3 enlarged middorsals/verticil, but caudal profile not serrate; supradigital scales keeled. Dorsum green to brown; sides black, flecked with white or copper; flank stripe absent or very poorly delimited; throats not lineate or only very vaguely so; venter dull brassy or coppery; dewlap gray to pale yellow, female chin and throat green to grayish green (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 341). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941. 
EtymologyNamed after Benjamin Shreve (1908-1985), volunteer herpetologist at the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology (being from a wealthy family of jewelers). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boronow, Katherine E.; Ian H. Shields, and Martha M. Muñoz 2018. Parallel Behavioral Divergence with Macrohabitat in Anolis (Squamata: Dactyloidae) Lizards from the Dominican Republic. Breviora May 561 (1): 1-17. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1939. Diagnoses of three new lizards and a frog from die Dominican Republic. Proc. New England Zoöl. Club 18: 1-3.
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1989. A review of the Cybotoid Anoles (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 78: 1-32
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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