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Anolis smallwoodi SCHWARTZ, 1964

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis smallwoodi smallwoodi SCHWARTZ 1964
Anolis smallwoodi palardis SCHWARTZ 1964
Anolis smallwoodi saxuliceps SCHWARTZ 1964 
Common NamesE: Green-blotched Giant Anole, Smallwood's Anole 
SynonymAnolis equestris smallwoodi SCHWARTZ 1964: 412
Anolis smallwoodi — SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1972: 56
Anolis smallwoodi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 343
Anolis smallwoodi — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 198
Anolis smallwoodi — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Deiroptyx smallwoodi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx smallwoodi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis smallwoodi smallwoodi SCHWARTZ 1964
Deiroptyx smallwoodi smallwoodi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx smallwoodi smallwoodi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis smallwoodi palardis SCHWARTZ 1964
Anolis equestris palardis SCHWARTZ 1964: 416
Deiroptyx smallwoodi palardis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx smallwoodi palardis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis smallwoodi saxuliceps SCHWARTZ 1964
Anolis equestris saxuliceps SCHWARTZ 1964: 422
Deiroptyx smallwoodi saxuliceps — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx smallwoodi saxuliceps — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Cuba

smallwoodi: from Hongobosongo east to Bahia de Guantânamo; Sierra de la Gran Piedra. Type locality: Laguna de Baconao, Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba.

palardis: southeastern Cuba from Guantânamo and Baitiquii inland to Sierra del Guaso.

saxuliceps: central southeastern Cuba; Type locality: Moa, Province Oriente , Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 89526
Holotype: CM 33320, paratype: MCZ [palardis]
Holotype: ZMH (given as HM) 5376, paratypes: MCZ [saxuliceps] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 190 mm, in females to 165 mm);
moderate to high number (18-25) of vertical dorsals; size large to moderate (by population); metachrosis limited to shades of green in 1 population; dewlap pink, faintly orange, pale pink, or rosy; axillary stripe yellow to green; upper and lower jaws with prominent, pale labial stripe with green blotches on supralabials but without a subangular blotch; tail without broad, transverse bands. Dorsum green with paler green (at times orange) spotting, the spots encompassing as many as 6 adjacent scales, entire aspect leopard-like; occiput pale pea-green with bold, darker green vermiculations, or blotches and vermiculations absent (by population); casque black, gray, tan, brown, or blue, with or without pale dotting, flecking, or spotting; postlabial stripe pale green, bordered or not by darker green; eyelids at times bright orange or mustard; throat with darker (green?) longitudinally aligned dashes; venter pale green to green-brown; dewlap faint orange to pink; juveniles with 4 pale bands across body between limbs, first 2 often composed of dots, most posterior forming sacral U; transition to dotted dorsal pattern at SVL about 95-100 mm (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 343). 
CommentSpecies group: Deiroptyx equestris species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after James D. Smallwood, who collected the holotype of the anole (1960) when assisting Schwartz, who acknowledged him in his book on the mammals of the West Indies. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bona, Martin; Milan Novotný, Stanislav Danko and Adriana Burešová. 2012. Headstarting in a small population of European pond turtles (Emys orbicularis) in Central European conditions: first results. Herpetology Notes 6: 547-550
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1964. Anolis equestris in Oriente Province, Cuba. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 131: 405-428. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Garrido, O.H. 1972. The lizards of the Anolis equestris complex in Cuba. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 39 (134):1-86. - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
 
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