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Anolis soinii POE & YAÑEZ-MIRANDA, 2008

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis soinii POE & YAÑEZ-MIRANDA 2008
Dactyloa soinii — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa soinii — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionPeru (San Martin), S Ecuador

Type locality: Peru, Department of San Martin, Venceremos, approximately 94 km west of Rioja (between old kilometer markers 390–391, near new kilometer marker 380), 05’40.405 S 77’45.310 W, 1,739 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MZUNAP 02.000179, male, Museo de la Universidad de Amazonía Peruana, collected 24 April 2005 by Steven Poe, Christian Yañez-Miranda, and Jenny Hollis. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Anolis soinii differs from all other Anolis we have examined except one A. boettgeri specimen and one A. huilae specimen in possessing paired scales immediately anterior to the interparietal, larger than and in contact with the posterior scales of the supraorbital semicircles semicircles (the dorsal head scales of the only specimen of A. huilae to possess this condition were figured in Williams [1982:fig. 6]). The new species further differs from A. boettgeri in adult size (maximum SVL 68.0 in A. boettgeri; 82.0 in A. soinii) and color of the male dewlap skin (white in A. soinii, peach in A. boettgeri) and details of scalation. Anolis soinii differs from A. huilae in possessing longer legs (femoral length/SVL mean = 0.29, range = 0.28–0.30 in A. soinii; mean = 0.25, range = 0.23–0.26 in A. huilae), smaller middorsal scales (mean numbers of scales in 10% of SVL = 22.8, range 21–24 in A. soinii; mean = 17.6, range = 14–21 in A. huilae), and in dewlap color pattern (white dewlap skin with dispersed dark grey blotching and green and blue scales in A. soinii, yellow dewlap skin with cream or blue scales and rows of black dots along scales in A. huilae) and details of scalation.
CommentSimilar species: A. huilae (E Andes of Colombia)

Similar species: In the field, A. soinii could be confused only with the other green Peruvian anoles A. boettgeri, A. punctatus, and A. cuscoensis (A. huilae is known only from Colombia).

Species groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyEtymology.—We name this form in honor of Pekka Soini, for his outstanding contributions to Peruvian herpetology. 
  • Ayala-Varela , F.; S. Poe; A. Carvajal-Campos; L. Gray; J. Davis; A. Almendáriz. 2011. Anolis soinii Poe and Yañez-Miranda, 2008 (Squamata: Iguanidae: Polychrotinae): Distribution extension, first records for Ecuador and notes on geographic variation. Check List 7 (5): 629-631 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven and Christian Yañez-Miranda 2008. Another New Species of Green Anolis (Squamata: Iguania) from the Eastern Andes of Peru. Journal of Herpetology 42 (3): 564 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
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