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Anolis squamulatus PETERS, 1863

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Small-scaled Anole 
SynonymAnolis squamulatus PETERS 1863: 145
Anolis squamulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 61
Anolis squamulatus — BAUER et al. 1995: 59
Dactyloa squamulata — RIVAS & MANZANILLA 1999
Dactyloa squamulata — KORNACKER & NATERA-MUMAW 2008
Anolis squamulatus — UGUETO et al. 2009
Dactyloa squamulata — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa squamulata — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionN Venezuela (Aragua, Cojedes, Vargas, Carabobo; cloud forest of the Venezuela coastal range above 900 m elevation)

Type locality: “Puerto Cabello” [Venezuela]  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 507 (2 specimens) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis .—A large anole with males reaching a maximum SVL of 122 mm and females reaching 107 mm. Head with small, keeled scales; no distinctly enlarged supraocular scales; 5–6 scales between small interparietal and supraorbital semicircles. Dorsal scales small, keeled; 86–104 scales along middorsal line from axilla to groin; 144–154 scales around midbody; ventrals slightly larger than dorsals and weakly keeled or smooth; 77–88 scales along midventral line between axilla and groin. Tibia 0.25-0.28 times SVL. Green dorsally; adult males usually with faint oblique bands, much darker and bolder on females and juveniles. Dewlap in males, very large reaching almost midbelly; with widely separated, horizontal rows of two or three scales wide; yellow-orange, usually with red area anteriorly and green or chartreuse scales; dewlap in females, small and reaching insertion of limbs; blackish skin and green scales [from UGUETO et al. 2009].
CommentDistribution: Not listed by KÖHLER 2000. Absent from Panama fide Rivas and Manzanilla. 1999.

Savage and Talbot (1978) reported that one of the two specimens of Peters’ original description of A. squamulatus was in fact an A. frenatus mistakenly believed to have come from Puerto Cabello, Venezuela.

Species group: Dactyloa latifrons species group (NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1968. The lizards of Venezuela (checklist and key). Carib. J. Sci. 8 (3-4): 105-122
  • Esqueda, Luis Felipe, Enrique La Marca, Marco Natera and Pietro Battiston 2001. Noteworthy reptilian state records and a lizard species new to the herpetofauna of Venezuela. Herpetological Review 32 (3):198-200 - get paper here
  • Kornacker, P. & Natera-Mumaw, M. 2008. Feldherpetologische Daten zu einigen Amphibien- und Reptilienarten im Wolkenwald des “Parque Nacional Henri Pittier”, Rancho Grande, Venezuela. Sauria 30 (3): 21-37 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Über einige neue Arten der Saurier-Gattung Anolis. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (März): 135-149. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rivas Fuenmayor, G. and Manzanilla Puppo, J. 1999. Distribución geográfica de Dactyloa squamulata (Peters, 1863) (Reptilia: Sauria: Polychrotidae) en Venezuela. Memoria de la Fundacion La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 152: 19-24
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Savage, Jay M. & Talbot, James J. 1978. The giant Anoline lizards of Costa Rica and Western Panama. Copeia 1978 (3): 480-492 - get paper here
  • Test, Frederic H.;Sexton, Owen J.;Heatwole, Harold 1966. Reptiles of Rancho Grande and vicinity, Estado Aragua, Venezuela. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (128): 1-63 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N.; Gilson A. Rivas, Tito Barros and Eric N. Smith 2009. A Revision of the Venezuelan Anoles II: Redescription of Anolis squamulatus Peters 1863 and Anolis tigrinus Peters 1863 (Reptilia: Polychrotidae). Carib. J. Sci. 45 (1): 30-51 - get paper here
  • Williams E E 1988. New or problematic Anolis from Colombia. 5. Anolis danieli, a new species of the latifrons species group and a reassessment of Anolis appollinaris Boulenger, 1919. Breviora (489): 1-25 - get paper here
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